Difference between revisions of "Animus-based discrimination"

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Animus-Based (or Taste-Based) Discrimination occurs when agents' personal prejudices or “tastes” against associating with members of a particular group (in a particular way) affect their treatment of those individuals. This theory originated in Gary Becker's 1957 book ''The Economics of Discrimination''. Typically, it is characterized by certain actors preferring not to interact with a particular group of people and therefore paying an economic price to avoid these interactions.
  
Animus-Based (or Taste-Based) Discrimination—personal prejudice, or a “taste,” against associating with members of a particular group (in a particular way). 
 
  
In the labor market, noneconomic tastes for discrimination (animus, bigotry,…) may be introduced into the market by a firm’s owners, employees, or customers.
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== Animus-based discrimination in the real world ==
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In the labor market, noneconomic tastes for discrimination (animus, bigotry,…) may be introduced into the market by a firm’s owners, employees, or customers.
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{{hidden|Employers- Bertran and Mullainathan, 2002|A study by economists Marianne Bertrand and Sendhil Mullainathan found that employers discriminate based on the racial-associations of a person's name alone. They sent out identical resumes with one difference: half had stereotypically "white names" (e.g., Emily) and half had stereotypically "black names" (e.g., Lakisha). They found that the resumes with a "white name" were more likely to be called for an interview than resumes with a "black name," regardless of whether the employer was labelled an equal opportunity employer in the job listing.
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To read the full study, click [http://www.chicagobooth.edu/pdf/bertrand.pdf here]}}
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{{hidden|Customers- Ayres and Siegelman, 2006|A study by Ayres and Siegelman examined discrimination among car dealers towards women and members of minority ethnicities. They found that dealers quoted lower first offers to white males than to women or African Americans, even though all the buyers were using identical, scripted bargaining tactics. Though Ayres and Siegelman did not conclusively identify the cause of this discrimination, taste-based discrimination and [[statistical discrimination]] were two proposed causes.
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To read the full study, click [http://isites.harvard.edu/fs/docs/icb.topic185351.files/ayressiegelman.pdf here]}}
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Compare to [[statistical discrimination]], [[Personal prejudices and values|implicit associations]], and [[Discrimination|institutional discrimination]].

Latest revision as of 00:09, 15 August 2012

Animus-Based (or Taste-Based) Discrimination occurs when agents' personal prejudices or “tastes” against associating with members of a particular group (in a particular way) affect their treatment of those individuals. This theory originated in Gary Becker's 1957 book The Economics of Discrimination. Typically, it is characterized by certain actors preferring not to interact with a particular group of people and therefore paying an economic price to avoid these interactions.


Animus-based discrimination in the real world

In the labor market, noneconomic tastes for discrimination (animus, bigotry,…) may be introduced into the market by a firm’s owners, employees, or customers.



Compare to statistical discrimination, implicit associations, and institutional discrimination.