Difference between revisions of "Doctorate participation data"

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==General==
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Since 2005, the percentage of women awarded PhDs in Economics has hovered around 30 to 35 percent, a similar rate to that of undergraduates. This demonstrates that between undergraduate economic programs and graduate economic programs, the Economics pipeline isn’t necessarily “leaky.” Therefore, the percentage of women gaining doctorate degrees in Economics may be more dependent on undergraduate retention rates of women, suggesting a need for a higher focus on encouraging female participation in Economics at an undergraduate level rather than a doctoral level.
Since 2005, the percentage of women awarded PhD’s in Economics has hovered around 32 percent, a similar rate to that of undergraduates. This demonstrates that between undergraduate economic programs and graduate economic programs, the Economics pipeline isn’t necessarily “leaky.” Therefore, the percentage of women gaining doctorate degrees in Economics may be more dependent on undergraduate retention rates of women, suggesting a need for a higher focus on encouraging female participation in Economics at an undergraduate level rather than a doctoral level.
 
  
Unfortunately, there is very little recent data available concerning the percentage of PhD’s in economics awarded to underrepresented minorities. The data provided by the Committee on the Status of Minority Groups in the Economics Profession state that between 1993-2004, of all economics doctorates awarded to U.S citizens, an average of 3.8% were awarded to African Americans, 3.6% to Hispanics, and 0.1% to Native Americans.  These percentages are lower than the participation rates at an undergraduate level (5.3% and 6.4% for African Americans and Hispanics respectively) but not by a large amount, suggesting once again that the "leak" in the pipeline occurs at the undergraduate level rather than the doctoral level.
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Unfortunately, very few PhDs in economics are awarded to underrepresented minorities. The percentages are lower than the participation rates at an undergraduate level but not by a large amount, suggesting once again that the "leak" in the pipeline occurs at the undergraduate level rather than the doctoral level.
 
 
'''Secondary Sources'''
 
 
 
http://www.aeaweb.org/committees/CSMGEP/statistics/
 
 
 
http://www.aeaweb.org/committees/CSMGEP/resources/newsletter/08/economic_faculties.html
 
  
 
==Race==
 
==Race==
In 2009, the doctorate degrees awarded to underrepresented minorities in Economics, the Social Sciences, and the STEM fields varied significantly. Once again, significant differences in participation are especially evident for Black students. Black students earned 2.0% of the doctorate degrees in Economics, whereas Black students earned 6.8% of the doctorate degrees in the Social Sciences and 4.8% of the doctorate degrees in STEM fields. The percentage of Hispanic students earning doctorate degrees in Economics (4.4%) is fairly close to the percentage of Hispanic students earning doctorate degrees in STEM fields (4.3%) as well as in the Social Sciences (5.2%). Similarly, American Indian/Alaska Native students are represented at the doctorate level in Economics (0.4%), the Social Sciences (1.0%), and the STEM Fields (0.5%) at comparable participation rates.
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The percentage of doctorate degrees in Economics awarded to Black and Hispanic students varies from year to year, generally between 2% and 4% each, but remain lower than those in Political Science and the STEM fields. In 2011 Black and Hispanic students together earned under 8% of the doctorate degrees in Economics.
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[[File:DoctorateDegreeSS.png|308px]][[File:DocEcon.png|331px]][[File:DoctorateDegreeSTEM.png|308px]]
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<span style="font-size:80%; ">Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES); Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System(IPEDS) Completions, 1995-2011 (Washington , D.C.: NCES, 2013). Created by data provided by WebCaspar. Includes only U.S. citizens and permanent residents.  
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</span>
  
[[File:DocEcon.png|315px]][[File:DoctorateDegreeSS.png|315px]][[File:DoctorateDegreeSTEM.png|315px]]
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==Gender==
Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES); Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System(IPEDS) Completions, 1995-2009 (Washington , D.C.: NCES, 2011). Includes only U.S. citizens and permanent residents. Created by data provided by WebCaspar.
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Similar to the undergraduate level, women are significantly underrepresented at the doctorate level in Economics when compared to the STEM fields and to the Social Sciences. In 2011, women earned 35% of the doctorate degrees in Economics. In contrast, in Political Science and STEM fields, women earned 44% and 40% of the research/scholarship doctorate degrees, respectively.  
  
==Gender==
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[[File:DocDegreeSSGen.png|290px]][[File:DocDegreeEcon.png|320px]][[File:DocDegreeSTEMGen.png|275px]]
Similar to the undergraduate level, women are significantly underrepresented at the doctorate level in Economics when compared to the STEM fields and to the Social Sciences. In 2009, women earned 38.2% of the doctorate degrees in Economics. In contrast, in the Social Sciences, women earned 50.5% of the doctorate degrees in the Social Sciences and 54.1% of the doctorate degrees in STEM fields.  
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<span style="font-size:80%; ">Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES); Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System(IPEDS) Completions, 1995-2011 (Washington , D.C.: NCES, 2013). Created by data provided by WebCaspar.  
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</span>
  
[[File:DocDegreeEcon.png|300px]][[File:DocDegreeSSGen.png|315px]][[File:DocDegreeSTEMGen.png|315px]]
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'''See more [[Participation data]].'''
Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES); Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System(IPEDS) Completions, 1995-2009 (Washington , D.C.: NCES, 2011). Includes only U.S. citizens and permanent residents. Created by data provided by WebCaspar.
 

Latest revision as of 06:30, 25 October 2013

Since 2005, the percentage of women awarded PhDs in Economics has hovered around 30 to 35 percent, a similar rate to that of undergraduates. This demonstrates that between undergraduate economic programs and graduate economic programs, the Economics pipeline isn’t necessarily “leaky.” Therefore, the percentage of women gaining doctorate degrees in Economics may be more dependent on undergraduate retention rates of women, suggesting a need for a higher focus on encouraging female participation in Economics at an undergraduate level rather than a doctoral level.

Unfortunately, very few PhDs in economics are awarded to underrepresented minorities. The percentages are lower than the participation rates at an undergraduate level but not by a large amount, suggesting once again that the "leak" in the pipeline occurs at the undergraduate level rather than the doctoral level.

Race

The percentage of doctorate degrees in Economics awarded to Black and Hispanic students varies from year to year, generally between 2% and 4% each, but remain lower than those in Political Science and the STEM fields. In 2011 Black and Hispanic students together earned under 8% of the doctorate degrees in Economics. DoctorateDegreeSS.pngDocEcon.pngDoctorateDegreeSTEM.png Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES); Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System(IPEDS) Completions, 1995-2011 (Washington , D.C.: NCES, 2013). Created by data provided by WebCaspar. Includes only U.S. citizens and permanent residents.

Gender

Similar to the undergraduate level, women are significantly underrepresented at the doctorate level in Economics when compared to the STEM fields and to the Social Sciences. In 2011, women earned 35% of the doctorate degrees in Economics. In contrast, in Political Science and STEM fields, women earned 44% and 40% of the research/scholarship doctorate degrees, respectively.

DocDegreeSSGen.pngDocDegreeEcon.pngDocDegreeSTEMGen.png Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES); Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System(IPEDS) Completions, 1995-2011 (Washington , D.C.: NCES, 2013). Created by data provided by WebCaspar.

See more Participation data.