From Diversifying Economic Quality: A Wiki for Instructors and Departments
The representation of women and under-represented racial/ethnic minorities as faculty within Economics departments at colleges and universities has improved significantly since the 1970’s, but the profession is still far from achieving parity. In 1972, women represented 8.8% of assistant professors, 3.7% of associate professors, and 2.4% of full professors across Ph.D. granting departments. In comparison, as of 2012, women represented 28.3% of assistant professors, 21.6% of tenured associate professors, and 11.6% of full professors. Across all institutions, women occupied 22% of all full-time tenured and tenure-track economics positions in 2012.
At least as striking, Blacks and Hispanics together just occupied 5.6% of all full-time tenured and tenure-track economics positions across all institutions in 2012. In Ph.D. granting economics departments, Black economists represented 1.8% of assistant professors, 2.8% of associate professors, and 1.2% of full professors; Hispanics represented 7.6% of assistant professors, 4.5% of associate professors, and 2.2% of full professors.
The lack of women and of racial and ethnic minorities amongst faculty in doctoral programs indicates both past and future difficulties in creating a diverse and inclusive profession.
For more information, see the following documents.