Wait time

From Diversifying Economic Quality: A Wiki for Instructors and Departments

Revision as of 10:00, 27 January 2012 by Abayer1 (talk | contribs) (Reverted edits by 109.230.216.203 (talk) to last revision by Abayer1)
Jump to: navigation, search

Wait time is the duration of a pause after a question is posed. Studies have shown that students of color and female students respond positively when wait time is increased.

Example

Myra Sadker, a former professor of Education and Dean of the School of Education at American Univeristy, and David Sadker, also a professor of Education at American University, investigated the effect of wait time on differential participation in the class discussion. Their study and observation of undergraduate classrooms found that teachers unconsciously gave white males more wait time than female students and students of color. Sadker and Sadker hypothesize that longer pauses after questions convey a "vote of confidence" for the student's answer, and thus motivates participation.

How to incorporate wait time

Link:http://irishautismaction.blogspot.com/2010/02/vote-on-time.html
  • Try to be more mindful of differential teacher-student interactions in the classroom
  • Undergraduate professors could track and codify participation in class discussion
  • Formulate plans to randomize grouped class seating
  • Include group and presentation work
  • Increase wait times for all students.




Evidence

Studies compiled by Robert J. Stahl, a Professor in the Division of Curriculum and Instruction at Arizona State University, have shown that increasing wait time to 3 or more seconds results in positive effects for both teacher and student. These benefits include increased number and length of relevant responses volunteered, as well as improved questioning techniques by the teacher. Typical increased wait times lasted between 3 and 7 seconds for high-level questions, as opposed to the <1 second wait time for all questions observed in most classrooms.