User:Nfeldba1/Language selection

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Language Preferences

  1. Guaraní
  2. Chamorro
  3. Khasi

Guaraní

Morphological typology

Guaraní is agglutinative, and is sometimes categorized as polysynthetic. Jesuit missionaries capitalized on the agglutinative nature of the language to form new Guaraní words that 'conveyed western concepts.[1]' See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guarani_language#Grammar and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guarani_language#History for more detail.

Basic Information

  • Specifically Paraguayan Guarani
  • Total number of speakers: 4,650,000 [2]
  • Guaraní is spoken mainly throughout South America[1], especially in Paraguay and Bolivia, where it is an official language [3][4]
  • Spanish is also an official language in many of the countries in which Guaraní is spoken [5][6]
  • Guaraní is not currently endangered, and is widely spoken in Paraguay. [7]
  • The orthography follows the Latin script [8]
  • ISO code: gug [9]

Text Sources

3133 Wikipedia pages have been written in Guaraní.

Chamorro

Morphological typology

Chamorro is primarily agglutinative. As an example, the word 'masanganenñaihon' contains the root verb 'sangan,' which is modified with multiple prefixes and suffixes. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chamorro_language#Grammar for more detail.

Basic Information

  • Total number of speakers: 58,000 [10]
  • Chamorro is spoken throughout Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands [11]
  • Chamorro speakers may also know English and/or Carolinian [12][13]
  • Chamorro is classified as "vulnerable."[14] It is taught at the University of Guam. [15]
  • The orthography follows the Latin script [16]
  • ISO code: cha [17]

Text Sources

It is harder to find text sources for Chamorro. One link containing text comes from: http://ns.gov.gu/legends.html.

Khasi

Morphological typology

Although I don't see any formal classification online, I believe Khasi to be Analytic, as there is no inflectional morphology.

Basic Information

  • Total number of speakers: 843,000 in India [18]
  • Khasi is spoken in India and Bangladesh by the Khasi people[19]
  • Khasi is no longer endangered [20] [21]
  • The orthography now follows the Latin script [22]
  • ISO code: kha [23]

Text Sources

An online newspaper is written in Khasi: http://www.mawphor.com/

References

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guarani_language
  2. Ethnologue
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guarani_language
  4. Ethnologue
  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guarani_language
  6. Ethnologue
  7. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guarani_language
  8. Ethnologue
  9. Ethnologue
  10. Ethnologue
  11. Ethnologue
  12. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chamorro_language
  13. Ethnologue
  14. http://www.endangeredlanguages.com/lang/846
  15. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chamorro_language
  16. Ethnologue
  17. Ethnologue
  18. Ethnologue
  19. Ethnologue
  20. "The Khasi language is no longer in danger". United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 2012-06-04. Retrieved 2012-09-29.
  21. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khasi_language
  22. Ethnologue
  23. Ethnologue