Difference between revisions of "Adyghe and English/Contrastive Grammar"

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=Differences=
 
=Differences=
#Cases on all nouns
+
#Cases and postpositions on nouns
#*{{transferTest|ady|eng|сэкӏэ|with me}}
+
#*{{transferTest|ady|eng|пкъышъолкӏэ|with flesh}}
 +
#*{{transferMorphTest|ady|eng|пкъышъол{{tag|n}}{{tag|indef}}{{tag|sg}}{{tag|erg}}+кӏэ{{tag|inst}}|with{{tag|pr}} flesh{{tag|n}}{{tag|sg}}}}
 
#Possession marked on nouns
 
#Possession marked on nouns
#*сыгу, сищ
+
#*{{transferTest|ady|eng|сыгу|my heart}}
#*my heart, my horse
+
#*{{transferMorphTest|ady|eng|сыгу{{tag|n}}{{tag|indef}}{{tag|sg}}{{tag|px1sgi}}|my{{tag|det}}{{tag|px1sg}} heart{{tag|n}}{{tag|sg}}}}
 +
#*{{transferTest|ady|eng|сищ|my horse}}
 +
#*{{transferMorphTest|ady|eng|сищ{{tag|n}}{{tag|indef}}{{tag|sg}}{{tag|px1sga}}|my{{tag|det}}{{tag|px1sg}} horse{{tag|n}}{{tag|sg}}}}
 
#Subjects and objects are marked on verbs
 
#Subjects and objects are marked on verbs
#*къыгъэшӏыгъэх
+
#*{{transferTest|ady|eng|сигъэпцӏагъэти|he deceived me}}
#*he/she/it created them
 
 
#Prepositions marked on verbs
 
#Prepositions marked on verbs
#*
+
#*{{transferTest|ady|eng|тыфакӏо|we are going for him}}
#*
+
#Differing word order (SOV)
#Three levels of deixis
+
#*{{transferTest|ady|eng|Тхьэр ошъо гъэӏагъэм «уашъокӏэ» еджагъ.|God called the heavenly expanse "sky".}}
#*мы кӏалэ, мэу кӏалэ, а кӏалэ
 
#*this boy, that boy, that boy over there
 
  
 
[[Category:Sp22_ContrastiveGrammars]][[Category:Adyghe]]
 
[[Category:Sp22_ContrastiveGrammars]][[Category:Adyghe]]

Revision as of 10:29, 18 May 2022

Differences

  1. Cases and postpositions on nouns
    • (ady) пкъышъолкӏэ → (eng) with flesh
    • (ady) пкъышъол<n><indef><sg><erg>+кӏэ<inst> → (eng) with<pr> flesh<n><sg>
  2. Possession marked on nouns
    • (ady) сыгу → (eng) my heart
    • (ady) сыгу<n><indef><sg><px1sgi> → (eng) my<det><px1sg> heart<n><sg>
    • (ady) сищ → (eng) my horse
    • (ady) сищ<n><indef><sg><px1sga> → (eng) my<det><px1sg> horse<n><sg>
  3. Subjects and objects are marked on verbs
    • (ady) сигъэпцӏагъэти → (eng) he deceived me
  4. Prepositions marked on verbs
    • (ady) тыфакӏо → (eng) we are going for him
  5. Differing word order (SOV)
    • (ady) Тхьэр ошъо гъэӏагъэм «уашъокӏэ» еджагъ. → (eng) God called the heavenly expanse "sky".