Adyghe and English/Contrastive Grammar

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Differences

  1. Cases on all nouns
    • (ady) пкъышъолкӏэ → (eng) with flesh
    • (ady) пкъышъол<n><indef><sg><erg>+кӏэ<inst> → (eng) with<pr> flesh<n><sg>
  2. Possession marked on nouns
    • (ady) сыгу → (eng) my heart
    • (ady) сыгу<n><indef><sg><px1sgi> → (eng) my<det><px1sg> heart<n><sg>
    • (ady) сищ → (eng) my horse
    • (ady) сищ<n><indef><sg><px1sga> → (eng) my<det><px1sg> horse<n><sg>
  3. Subjects and objects are marked on verbs
    • (ady) сигъэпцӏагъэти → (eng) he deceived me
  4. Prepositions marked on verbs
    • (ady) тыфакӏо → (eng) we are going for him
  5. Differing word order (SOV)
    • (ady) Тхьэр ошъо гъэӏагъэм «уашъокӏэ» еджагъ. → (eng) God called the heavenly expanse "sky".