Difference between revisions of "Berik and English/Contrastive Grammar"

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(Created page with "== bkl-eng tests == == eng-bkl tests == Category:Sp17_ContrastiveGrammars")
 
(bkl-eng tests)
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== bkl-eng tests ==
 
== bkl-eng tests ==
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* English has copulas, Berik doesn't.
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* Negative copulas are "copula adverb" in English, in Berik it's a negative suffix on the object.
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* {{transferTest|bkl|eng|Ai taneyan.|I am not a child.}} ("I am not a child.")
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*: {{transferMorphTest|bkl|eng|ai{{tag|prn}}{{tag|subj}} tane{{tag|n}}+yan{{tag|neg}}|prpers{{tag|prn}}{{tag|subj}}{{tag|p1}}{{tag|mf}}{{tag|sg}} be{{tag|vbser}}{{tag|pres}}{{tag|p1}}{{tag|sg}} not{{tag|adv}} a{{tag|det}}{{tag|ind}}{{tag|sg}} child{{tag|n}}{{tag|sg}}}}
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* {{transferTest|bkl|eng|Je namwer bwernabaryan.|He is not sick now.}} ("He is not sick now.")
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*: {{transferMorphTest|bkl|eng|je{{tag|prn}}{{tag|subj}} namwer{{tag|temp}} bwernabar{{tag|n}}+yan{{tag|neg}}|prpers{{tag|prn}}{{tag|subj}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|m}}{{tag|sg}} be{{tag|vbser}}{{tag|pres}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|sg}} not{{tag|adv}} sick{{tag|adj}}{{tag|sint}} now{{tag|adv}}}}
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* English is SVO, Berik is SOV.
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* Berik has a separate case for tools, English uses prepositions.
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* Berik does not mark definiteness (probably).
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* {{transferTest|bkl|eng|Korano atem difnant.|The chief came with a canoe.}} ("The chief came with a canoe.")
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*: {{transferMorphTest|bkl|eng|Korano{{tag|n}}{{tag|subj}} at{{tag|n}}{{tag|ins}} difna{{tag|v}}{{tag|iv}}{{tag|m}}{{tag|pst}}{{tag|light}}|the{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}}{{tag|sp}} chief{{tag|n}}{{tag|sg}} come{{tag|vblex}}{{tag|past}} with{{tag|pr}} a{{tag|det}}{{tag|ind}}{{tag|sg}} canoe{{tag|n}}{{tag|sg}}}}
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* {{transferTest|bkl|eng|Je twena ginem tana.|He killed the pig with an arrow.}} ("He killed the pig with an arrow.")
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*: {{transferMorphTest|bkl|eng|je{{tag|prn}}{{tag|subj}} twin{{tag|n}}{{tag|acc}} gin{{tag|n}}{{tag|ins}} tana{{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|m}}{{tag|light}}{{tag|pst}}|prpers{{tag|prn}}{{tag|subj}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|m}}{{tag|sg}} kill{{tag|vblex}}{{tag|past}} the{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}}{{tag|sp}} pig{{tag|n}}{{tag|sg}} with{{tag|pr}} a{{tag|det}}{{tag|ind}}{{tag|sg}} arrow{{tag|n}}{{tag|sg}}}}
  
 
== eng-bkl tests ==
 
== eng-bkl tests ==
  
 
[[Category:Sp17_ContrastiveGrammars]]
 
[[Category:Sp17_ContrastiveGrammars]]

Revision as of 11:20, 20 March 2018

bkl-eng tests

  • English has copulas, Berik doesn't.
  • Negative copulas are "copula adverb" in English, in Berik it's a negative suffix on the object.
  • (bkl) Ai taneyan. → (eng) I am not a child. ("I am not a child.")
    (bkl) ai<prn><subj> tane<n>+yan<neg> → (eng) prpers<prn><subj><p1><mf><sg> be<vbser><pres><p1><sg> not<adv> a<det><ind><sg> child<n><sg>
  • (bkl) Je namwer bwernabaryan. → (eng) He is not sick now. ("He is not sick now.")
    (bkl) je<prn><subj> namwer<temp> bwernabar<n>+yan<neg> → (eng) prpers<prn><subj><p3><m><sg> be<vbser><pres><p3><sg> not<adv> sick<adj><sint> now<adv>
  • English is SVO, Berik is SOV.
  • Berik has a separate case for tools, English uses prepositions.
  • Berik does not mark definiteness (probably).
  • (bkl) Korano atem difnant. → (eng) The chief came with a canoe. ("The chief came with a canoe.")
    (bkl) Korano<n><subj> at<n><ins> difna<v><iv><m><pst><light> → (eng) the<det><def><sp> chief<n><sg> come<vblex><past> with<pr> a<det><ind><sg> canoe<n><sg>
  • (bkl) Je twena ginem tana. → (eng) He killed the pig with an arrow. ("He killed the pig with an arrow.")
    (bkl) je<prn><subj> twin<n><acc> gin<n><ins> tana<v><tv><m><light><pst> → (eng) prpers<prn><subj><p3><m><sg> kill<vblex><past> the<det><def><sp> pig<n><sg> with<pr> a<det><ind><sg> arrow<n><sg>

eng-bkl tests