Difference between revisions of "Central Kurdish and English/Contrastive Grammar"

From LING073
Jump to: navigation, search
(Verb Negation)
Line 21: Line 21:
=== Verb Negation ===
=== Verb Negation ===
* {{transferTest|ckb|eng|کوڕەکە نەهات|The boy did not come.}}
* {{transferTest|ckb|eng|ئەو نەهات|He did not come.}}
*: {{transferMorphTest|ckb|eng|کوڕ{{tag|n}}{{tag|def}}{{tag|sg}} هاتن{{tag|v}}{{tag|iv}}{{tag|past}}{{tag|neg}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|sg}}|boy{{tag|n}}{{tag|sg}}}}
*: {{transferMorphTest|ckb|eng|ئەو{{tag|n}}{{tag|def}}{{tag|sg}} هاتن{{tag|v}}{{tag|iv}}{{tag|past}}{{tag|neg}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|sg}}|he{{tag|n}}{{tag|sg}}}}

Revision as of 10:02, 30 April 2021


Definiteness Marker

In Sorani Kurdish, definiteness is marked by a suffix at the end of a noun instead of a separate determiner.

  • (ckb) پیاوەکە → (eng) the man
    (ckb) پیاو<n><def><sg> → (eng) the<det><def><sp> man<n><sg>
  • (ckb) پیاوێک → (eng) a man
    (ckb) پیاو<n><ind><sg> → (eng) a<det><ind><sg> man<n><sg>
  • (ckb) سەگەکان → (eng) the dogs
    (ckb) سەگ<n><def><pl> → (eng) the<det><def><sp> dog<n><pl>
  • (ckb) سەگێک → (eng) a dog
    (ckb) سەگ<n><ind><sg> → (eng) a<det><ind><sp> dog<n><sg>

Verb Negation

  • (ckb) ئەو نەهات → (eng) He did not come.
    (ckb) ئەو<n><def><sg> هاتن<v><iv><past><neg><p3><sg> → (eng) he<n><sg>