Difference between revisions of "Dzongkha and English/Contrastive Grammar"

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(Article After Noun)
(Adding "to be" Verbs)
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=== Adding "to be" Verbs ===
 
=== Adding "to be" Verbs ===
 +
Move <vbser> from the end of the sentence to the end of a noun phrase.
 +
* {{transferTest|dzo|eng|བྱི་ལི་དེ་སྒྲོམ་ནང་འདུག་|The cat is in the box.}}
 +
*: {{transferMorphTest|dzo|eng|བྱི་ལི{{tag|n}} དེ་{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}}|the{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}} cat{{tag|n}}{{tag|sg}} }}
  
 
=== Determiner After Noun ===
 
=== Determiner After Noun ===

Revision as of 15:25, 28 April 2021

Grammatical Differences

Adding Possessive or Genitive Suffix to Nouns

Adding Case Suffixes to Nouns

Locative

  • (dzo) སྒྲོམ་ནང་ → (eng) in the box
    (dzo) སྒྲོམ་<n><loc> → (eng) in<prp> a<det><def> box<n><sg>
  • (dzo) དུས་ཚོད་ཁར་ → (eng) on time
    (dzo) དུས་ཚོད་<n><loc> → (eng) on<prp> time<n><sg>

Ablative

  • (dzo) རྒྱ་མཚོ་ལས་ → (eng) from the ocean
    (dzo) རྒྱ་མཚོ་<n><abl> → (eng) from<prp> a<det><def> ocean<n><sg>
  • (dzo) ང་ལས་ → (eng) from me
    (dzo) ང་<prn><p1><sg><abl> → (eng) from<prp> me<prn><p1><sg>

Adding Tense Suffix to Verbs

Past Tense

  • (dzo) ལྷོད་ཅི་ → (eng) arrived
    (dzo) ལྷོད་<v><iv><past> → (eng) arrived<v><iv><past>

Present Tense

Future Tense

Adding "to be" Verbs

Move <vbser> from the end of the sentence to the end of a noun phrase.

  • (dzo) བྱི་ལི་དེ་སྒྲོམ་ནང་འདུག་ → (eng) The cat is in the box.
    (dzo) བྱི་ལི<n> དེ་<det><def> → (eng) the<det><def> cat<n><sg>

Determiner After Noun

  • (dzo) བྱི་ལི་དེ་ → (eng) the cat
    (dzo) བྱི་ལི<n> དེ་<det><def> → (eng) the<det><def> cat<n><sg>

dzo-eng tests