Difference between revisions of "Dzongkha and English/Contrastive Grammar"

From LING073
Jump to: navigation, search
(Adding Ablative Suffixes to Nouns)
(Verb-Noun Order)
 
Line 35: Line 35:
 
* {{transferTest|dzo|eng|བྱི་ཙི་ཚུ་ཟུང་|catch the rats}}
 
* {{transferTest|dzo|eng|བྱི་ཙི་ཚུ་ཟུང་|catch the rats}}
 
*: {{transferMorphTest|dzo|eng|བྱི་ཙི་{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}} ཟུང་{{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}|catch{{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}} the{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}} rats{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}} }}
 
*: {{transferMorphTest|dzo|eng|བྱི་ཙི་{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}} ཟུང་{{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}|catch{{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}} the{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}} rats{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}} }}
* {{transferTest|dzo|eng|རྡོ་ཚུ་སྤུང་|collect stones}}
+
* {{transferTest|dzo|eng|རྡོ་ཚུ་སྤུང་|collect the stones}}
*: {{transferMorphTest|dzo|eng|རྡོ་{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}} སྤུང་{{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}|collect{{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}} stones{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}} }}
+
*: {{transferMorphTest|dzo|eng|རྡོ་{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}} སྤུང་{{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}|collect{{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}} the{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}} stones{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}} }}
  
  
 
[[Category:Sp21_ContrastiveGrammars]] [[Category: Dzongkha]] [[Category: English]]
 
[[Category:Sp21_ContrastiveGrammars]] [[Category: Dzongkha]] [[Category: English]]

Latest revision as of 21:31, 14 May 2021

dzo-eng tests

Adding Locative Suffixes to Nouns

Context-sensitive addition of words:

  • (dzo) སྒྲོམ་ནང་ → (eng) in the box
    (dzo) སྒྲོམ་<n><loc> → (eng) in<pr> the<det><def> box<n><sg>
  • (dzo) དུས་ཚོད་ཁར་ → (eng) on time
    (dzo) དུས་ཚོད་<n><loc> → (eng) on<pr> time<n><sg>

Adding Ablative Suffixes to Nouns

Context-sensitive addition of words:

  • (dzo) རྒྱ་མཚོ་ལས་ → (eng) from the ocean
    (dzo) རྒྱ་མཚོ་<n><abl> → (eng) from<pr> the<det><def> ocean<n><sg>
  • (dzo) ང་ལས་ → (eng) from me
    (dzo) ང་<prn><p1><sg><abl> → (eng) from<pr> me<prn><p1><sg>

Adding "to be" Verbs

Move <vbser> from the end of the sentence to the end of a noun phrase.

  • (dzo) བྱི་ལི་དེ་སྒྲོམ་ནང་འདུག་ → (eng) The cat is in the box.
    (dzo) བྱི་ལི<n> དེ་<det><def> སྒྲོམ་<n><loc> འདུག་<vbser> → (eng) the<det><def> cat<n><sg> is<vbser> in<pr> the<det><def> box<n><sg>
  • (dzo) ཁོ་དགེ་སློང་མེན་ → (eng) He is not a monk.
    (dzo) ཁོ་<prn><p3><sg><m> དགེ་སློང་<n><sg> མེན་<vbser><neg> → (eng) He<prn><p3><sg><m> is<vbser> not<neg> a<def><det> monk<n><sg>

Determiner After Noun

Rearranging word order:

  • (dzo) བྱི་ལི་དེ་ → (eng) the cat
    (dzo) བྱི་ལི་<n> དེ་<det><def> → (eng) the<det><def> cat<n><sg>
  • (dzo) བྱི་ཙི་དེ་ → (eng) the rat
    (dzo) བྱི་ཙི་<n> དེ་<det><def> → (eng) the<det><def> rat<n><sg>

Verb-Noun Order

  • (dzo) བྱི་ཙི་ཚུ་ཟུང་ → (eng) catch the rats
    (dzo) བྱི་ཙི་<n><pl> ཟུང་<v><tv> → (eng) catch<v><tv> the<det><def> rats<n><pl>
  • (dzo) རྡོ་ཚུ་སྤུང་ → (eng) collect the stones
    (dzo) རྡོ་<n><pl> སྤུང་<v><tv> → (eng) collect<v><tv> the<det><def> stones<n><pl>