Difference between revisions of "Dzongkha and English/Contrastive Grammar"

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(Adding "to be" Verbs)
(dzo-eng tests)
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*: {{transferMorphTest|dzo|eng|བྱི་ལི{{tag|n}} དེ་{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}}|the{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}} cat{{tag|n}}{{tag|sg}} }}
 
*: {{transferMorphTest|dzo|eng|བྱི་ལི{{tag|n}} དེ་{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}}|the{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}} cat{{tag|n}}{{tag|sg}} }}
  
 
+
=== Word Order ===
 +
* {{transferTest|dzo|eng|བྱི་ཙི་ཚུ་ཟུང་|catch the rats}
 +
*: {{transferMorphTest|dzo|eng|བྱི་ཙི་{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}} ཟུང་{{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}|catch{{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}} the{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}} rats{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}} }}
  
 
[[Category:Sp21_ContrastiveGrammars]] [[Category: Dzongkha]] [[Category: English]]
 
[[Category:Sp21_ContrastiveGrammars]] [[Category: Dzongkha]] [[Category: English]]

Revision as of 08:07, 2 May 2021

dzo-eng tests

Adding Locative Suffixes to Nouns

Context-sensitive addition of words:

  • (dzo) སྒྲོམ་ནང་ → (eng) in the box
    (dzo) སྒྲོམ་<n><loc> → (eng) in<pr> a<det><def> box<n><sg>
  • (dzo) དུས་ཚོད་ཁར་ → (eng) on time
    (dzo) དུས་ཚོད་<n><loc> → (eng) on<pr> time<n><sg>

Adding Ablative Suffixes to Nouns

Context-sensitive addition of words:

  • (dzo) རྒྱ་མཚོ་ལས་ → (eng) from the ocean
    (dzo) རྒྱ་མཚོ་<n><abl> → (eng) from<pr> a<det><def> ocean<n><sg>
  • (dzo) ང་ལས་ → (eng) from me
    (dzo) ང་<prn><p1><sg><abl> → (eng) from<pr> me<prn><p1><sg>

Adding "to be" Verbs

Move <vbser> from the end of the sentence to the end of a noun phrase.

  • (dzo) བྱི་ལི་དེ་སྒྲོམ་ནང་འདུག་ → (eng) The cat is in the box.
    (dzo) བྱི་ལི<n> དེ་<det><def> སྒྲོམ་<n><loc> འདུག་<vbser> → (eng) the<det><def> cat<n><sg> is<vbser> in<pr> the<det><def> box<n><sg>
  • (dzo) ཁོ་དགེ་སློང་མེན་ → (eng) He is not a monk.
    (dzo) ཁོ་<prn><p3><sg><m> དགེ་སློང་<n><sg> མེན་<vbser><neg> → (eng) He<prn><p3><sg><m> is<vbser> not<neg> a<def><det> monk<n><sg>

Determiner After Noun

Rearranging word order:

  • (dzo) བྱི་ལི་དེ་ → (eng) the cat
    (dzo) བྱི་ལི<n> དེ་<det><def> → (eng) the<det><def> cat<n><sg>

Word Order

  • {{transferTest|dzo|eng|བྱི་ཙི་ཚུ་ཟུང་|catch the rats}
    (dzo) བྱི་ཙི་<n><pl> ཟུང་<v><tv> → (eng) catch<v><tv> the<det><def> rats<n><pl>