Fijian/Universal Dependencies

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fij.withmorph.udpipe fij.nomorph.udpipe Number of forms Number of sentences
fij.annotated.ud.conllu UAS: 91.49%, LAS: 87.59% UAS: 83.69%, LAS: 79.79% 282 30
fij.annotated2.ud.conllu UAS: 55.17%, LAS: 39.08% UAS: 50.57%, LAS: 38.51% 174 10

Dependency Relations


The nsubj denotes the noun phrase or pronoun that is the syntactic subject of the predicate. The subject NP always follow the predicate. When there is no subject NP present, the only pronoun preceding the predicate head, which can be verb, adjective, noun, or even number, gets the nsubj relation.

  • Example 1: The NP o Jone following the predicate of the subject clause la’o ('go') is in nsubj relation with the predicate la’o.
	"e" prn pers p3 sg subj @expl #1->2
	"sega" vaux @root #2->0
	"ni" rel @mark #3->4
	"la’o" vblex iv @csubj #4->2
	"o" art @det #5->6
	"Jone" np ant @nsubj #6->4
	"." sent @punct #7->2

'Jone is not going.' (Lit: 'It is not the case that John is going.')

  • Example 2: This sentence does not have a subject NP. The pronoun preceding the predicate head lesu ('return') is the subject of the clause, and thus gets nsubj</coe>
	"o" prn pers p2 sg subj1 @nsubj #1->2
	"lesu" vblex iv @root #2->0
	"mai" pr @advmod #3->2
	"." sent @punct #4->2

'You return here.'


A predicate head usually requires a subject pronoun preceding it. When there is a subject NP with the same reference following the predicate, the subject pronoun gets <code>expl dependency.


When the predicate