Difference between revisions of "Fijian and English/Lexical selection"

From LING073
Jump to: navigation, search
(eng → fij)
(fij → eng)
Line 48: Line 48:
  
 
{{transferTest|fij|eng|vula|month}}
 
{{transferTest|fij|eng|vula|month}}
 +
 +
:-Rule: Select ''month'' as the translation of ''vula'' when it is preceded (not immediately) by a number.
 +
:-Examples:
 +
:*e tolu a vula (three months)
 +
:*E levu a vula. (ambiguous in Fijian--'The moon is big.' or 'There are many months.')
  
 
*Case 3:
 
*Case 3:

Revision as of 10:55, 5 April 2018

eng → fij

  • Case 1:

(eng) bend → (fij) pelu (e.g. bend of metal)

(eng) bend → (fij) lo’i (e.g. bend at a joint)

-Rule: Select pelu as the translation of bend when it is followed by a kind of metal.
-Example Sentences:
  • He bends the metal.
  • The child bends at her elbow.
  • Case 2:

(eng) shine on → (fij) cina (light/torch shines on)

(eng) shine on → (fij) cila (sun/moon/star shines on)

-Rule: Select cila as the translation of shine on when it is preceded by sun, moon, or stars.
-Example Sentences:
  • The moon shines on the road.
  • The torch shines on the mat.

fij → eng

  • Case 1.1:

(fij) yava → (eng) leg

(fij) yava → (eng) foot

  • Case 1.2:

(fij) liga → (eng) arm

(fij) liga → (eng) hand

  • Case 1.3:

(fij) mata → (eng) face

(fij) mata → (eng) eye

  • Case 2:

(fij) vula → (eng) moon

(fij) vula → (eng) month

-Rule: Select month as the translation of vula when it is preceded (not immediately) by a number.
-Examples:
  • e tolu a vula (three months)
  • E levu a vula. (ambiguous in Fijian--'The moon is big.' or 'There are many months.')
  • Case 3:

(fij) basu → (eng) tear up (e.g. old clothes)

(fij) basu → (eng) tear down (e.g. old buildings)

  • Case 4:Fijian does not distinguish genders on pronouns.

(fij) koya → (eng) him

(fij) koya → (eng) her

(fij) koya → (eng) it