Difference between revisions of "Fijian and English/Lexical selection"

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(eng → fij)
(eng → fij)
Line 25: Line 25:
 
:*The moon shines.
 
:*The moon shines.
 
:*The torch shines.
 
:*The torch shines.
:-Rule: Select ''cila'' as the translation of ''shine'' when it is preceded by ''sun'', ''moon'', or ''stars''.
+
:-Rule 1: Select ''cila'' as the translation of ''shine'' when it is preceded by ''sun'', ''moon'', ''stars'' or any natural light sources.
 
:-Test after implementing the rule:
 
:-Test after implementing the rule:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
$ echo "The sun shines." | apertium -d . eng-fij
 
$ echo "The sun shines." | apertium -d . eng-fij
 
A siga #cila.
 
A siga #cila.
 +
</pre>
 +
:-Rule 2: Select ''cina'' as the translation of ''shine'' when it is preceded by ''torch'', ''light'', or any artificial light sources.
 +
:-Test:
 +
<pre>
 +
echo "The torch shines." | apertium -d . eng-fij
 +
A *torch #cina.
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
  

Revision as of 09:05, 10 April 2018

eng → fij

  • Case 1:

(eng) bend → (fij) pelu (e.g. bend of metal)

(eng) bend → (fij) lo’i (e.g. bend at a joint)

-Example Sentences:
  • He bends the metal.
  • The child bends at her elbow.
-Rule: Select pelu as the translation of bend when it is followed by a kind of metal.
-Test after implementing the rule:
$ echo "He bends the metal." | apertium -d . eng-fij
E #pelu a kaukamea.
  • Case 2:

(eng) shine on → (fij) cina (light/torch shines on)

(eng) shine on → (fij) cila (sun/moon/star shines on)

-Example Sentences:
  • The moon shines.
  • The torch shines.
-Rule 1: Select cila as the translation of shine when it is preceded by sun, moon, stars or any natural light sources.
-Test after implementing the rule:
$ echo "The sun shines." | apertium -d . eng-fij
A siga #cila.
-Rule 2: Select cina as the translation of shine when it is preceded by torch, light, or any artificial light sources.
-Test:
echo "The torch shines." | apertium -d . eng-fij
A *torch #cina.

fij → eng

  • Case 1.1:

(fij) yava → (eng) leg

(fij) yava → (eng) foot

  • Case 1.2:

(fij) liga → (eng) arm

(fij) liga → (eng) hand

  • Case 1.3:

(fij) mata → (eng) face

(fij) mata → (eng) eye

  • Case 2:

(fij) vula → (eng) moon

(fij) vula → (eng) month

-Rule: Select month as the translation of vula when it is preceded (not immediately) by a number.
-Example Phrases:
  • e tolu a vula (three months)
  • a vula levu (the big moon)
-Tests after implementing the rule:
$ echo "e tolu a vula" | apertium -d . fij-eng
#prpers #three the month
  • Case 3:

(fij) basu → (eng) tear up (e.g. old clothes)

(fij) basu → (eng) tear down (e.g. old buildings)

  • Case 4:Fijian does not distinguish genders on pronouns.

(fij) koya → (eng) him

(fij) koya → (eng) her

(fij) koya → (eng) it

  • Case 5: (a disambiguation problem?)

The word levu can be used either as an adjective meaning "big", or a number meaning "many, much", but both numbers and adjectives can be a predicate head (like a verb).

(fij) levu → (eng) big (adj)

(fij) levu → (eng) a lot of (num)

The sentence E levu a vula. is ambiguous in Fijian, meaning either 'The moon is big.' or 'There are many months.'