Difference between revisions of "Fijian and English/Lexical selection"

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(eng → fij)
(fij → eng)
Line 69: Line 69:
 
{{transferTest|fij|eng|vula|month}}
 
{{transferTest|fij|eng|vula|month}}
  
:-Rule: Select ''month'' as the translation of ''vula'' when it is preceded (not immediately) by a number.
 
 
:-Example Phrases:
 
:-Example Phrases:
 
:*e tolu a vula (three months)
 
:*e tolu a vula (three months)
 
:*a vula levu (the big moon)
 
:*a vula levu (the big moon)
:-Tests after implementing the rule:
+
:-Rule 1: Select ''month'' as the translation of ''vula'' when it is preceded (not immediately) by a number.
 +
:-Test after implementing the rule:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
$ echo "e tolu a vula" | apertium -d . fij-eng
 
$ echo "e tolu a vula" | apertium -d . fij-eng
 
#prpers #three the month
 
#prpers #three the month
 +
</pre>
 +
:-Rule 2: Select ''moon'' as the translation of ''vula'' when it is surrounded by adjectives like ''bright'', ''big'', ''round'', etc..
 +
:-Test:
 +
<pre>
 +
$ echo "a vula levu" | apertium -d . fij-eng
 +
the moon big
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
  

Revision as of 09:50, 10 April 2018

eng → fij

  • Case 1:

(eng) bend → (fij) pelu (e.g. bend of metal)

(eng) bend → (fij) lo’i (e.g. bend at a joint)

-Example Sentences:
  • He bends the metal.
  • The child bends at her waist.
-Rule 1: Select pelu as the translation of bend when it is followed by a kind of metal.
-Test after implementing the rule:
$ echo "He bends the metal." | apertium -d . eng-fij
E #pelu a kaukamea.
-Rule 2: Select lo’i as the translation of bend when it is followed by a noun related to a joint.
-Test:
$ echo "The child bends at her waist." | apertium -d . eng-fij
A gone #lo’i i  tolona.
  • Case 2:

(eng) shine on → (fij) cina (light/torch shines on)

(eng) shine on → (fij) cila (sun/moon/star shines on)

-Example Sentences:
  • The moon shines.
  • The torch shines.
-Rule 1: Select cila as the translation of shine when it is preceded by sun, moon, stars or any natural light sources.
-Test after implementing the rule:
$ echo "The sun shines." | apertium -d . eng-fij
A siga #cila.
-Rule 2: Select cina as the translation of shine when it is preceded by torch, light, or any artificial light sources.
-Test:
echo "The torch shines." | apertium -d . eng-fij
A *torch #cina.

fij → eng

  • Case 1.1:

(fij) yava → (eng) leg

(fij) yava → (eng) foot

  • Case 1.2:

(fij) liga → (eng) arm

(fij) liga → (eng) hand

  • Case 1.3:

(fij) mata → (eng) face

(fij) mata → (eng) eye

  • Case 2:

(fij) vula → (eng) moon

(fij) vula → (eng) month

-Example Phrases:
  • e tolu a vula (three months)
  • a vula levu (the big moon)
-Rule 1: Select month as the translation of vula when it is preceded (not immediately) by a number.
-Test after implementing the rule:
$ echo "e tolu a vula" | apertium -d . fij-eng
#prpers #three the month
-Rule 2: Select moon as the translation of vula when it is surrounded by adjectives like bright, big, round, etc..
-Test:
$ echo "a vula levu" | apertium -d . fij-eng
the moon big
  • Case 3:

(fij) basu → (eng) tear up (e.g. old clothes)

(fij) basu → (eng) tear down (e.g. old buildings)

  • Case 4:Fijian does not distinguish genders on pronouns.

(fij) koya → (eng) him

(fij) koya → (eng) her

(fij) koya → (eng) it

  • Case 5: (a disambiguation problem?)

The word levu can be used either as an adjective meaning "big", or a number meaning "many, much", but both numbers and adjectives can be a predicate head (like a verb).

(fij) levu → (eng) big (adj)

(fij) levu → (eng) a lot of (num)

The sentence E levu a vula. is ambiguous in Fijian, meaning either 'The moon is big.' or 'There are many months.'