Fijian and English/Lexical selection

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Revision as of 09:40, 10 April 2018 by Hwang11 (talk | contribs) (fij → eng)

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eng → fij

  • Case 1:

(eng) bend → (fij) pelu (e.g. bend of metal)

(eng) bend → (fij) lo’i (e.g. bend at a joint)

-Example Sentences:
  • The youth bends the metal.
  • The child bends at her waist.
-Rule 1: Select pelu as the translation of bend when it is followed by a kind of metal.
-Test after implementing the rule:
$ echo "The youth bends the metal." | apertium -d . eng-fij
A cauravou #pelu a kaukamea.
-Rule 2: Select lo’i as the translation of bend when it is followed by a noun related to a joint.
-Test:
$ echo "The child bends at her waist." | apertium -d . eng-fij
A gone #lo’i i  tolona.
  • Case 2:

(eng) shine on → (fij) cina (light/torch shines on)

(eng) shine on → (fij) cila (sun/moon/star shines on)

-Example Sentences:
  • The moon shines.
  • The torch shines.
-Rule 1: Select cila as the translation of shine when it is preceded by sun, moon, stars or any natural light sources.
-Test after implementing the rule:
$ echo "The sun shines." | apertium -d . eng-fij
A siga #cila.
-Rule 2: Select cina as the translation of shine when it is preceded by torch, light, or any artificial light sources.
-Test:
echo "The torch shines." | apertium -d . eng-fij
A *torch #cina.

fij → eng

  • Case 1.1:

(fij) yava → (eng) leg

(fij) yava → (eng) foot

  • Case 1.2:

(fij) liga → (eng) arm

(fij) liga → (eng) hand

  • Case 1.3:

(fij) mata → (eng) face

(fij) mata → (eng) eye

  • Case 2:

(fij) vula → (eng) moon

(fij) vula → (eng) month

-Example Phrases:
  • e tolu a vula (three months)
  • a vula levu (the big moon)
-Rule 1: Select month as the translation of vula when it is preceded (not immediately) by a number.
-Test after implementing the rule:
$ echo "e tolu a vula" | apertium -d . fij-eng
#prpers #three the month
-Rule 2: Select moon as the translation of vula when it is surrounded by adjectives like bright, big, round, etc..
-Test:
$ echo "a vula levu" | apertium -d . fij-eng
the moon big
  • Case 3:

(fij) sere → (eng) untie (O verb)

(fij) sere → (eng) sing (A verb)

-Example sentences:
  • E sere a gone. (The child sings.)
  • E sere a dali. (The rope is untied.)
-Rule 1: Select sing as the translation of sere when the subject is animate, such as a gone ('the child') or a cauravou ('the youth')
-Test:
$ echo "E sere a gone." | apertium -d . fij-eng
#Prpers #sing the child.
  • Case 4:

(fij) basu → (eng) tear up (e.g. old clothes)

(fij) basu → (eng) tear down (e.g. old buildings)

  • Case 5:Fijian does not distinguish genders on pronouns.

(fij) koya → (eng) him

(fij) koya → (eng) her

(fij) koya → (eng) it

  • Case 6: (a disambiguation problem?)

The word levu can be used either as an adjective meaning "big", or a number meaning "many, much", but both numbers and adjectives can be a predicate head (like a verb).

(fij) levu → (eng) big (adj)

(fij) levu → (eng) a lot of (num)

The sentence E levu a vula. is ambiguous in Fijian, meaning either 'The moon is big.' or 'There are many months.'