Fijian and English/Structural transfer

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Revision as of 16:43, 12 April 2018 by Hwang11 (talk | contribs) (Initial Evaluation)

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Initial Evaluation

  • eng → fij
  • fij → eng

eng → fij

I am working on the first contrastive grammar point--word orders within NPs. An English NP has the demonstrative and adjectives preceding the head noun, while Fijian has all of the modifiers following the head noun. Besides, the article in front of the head noun is obligatory even if a demonstrative is present, but its corresponding translation in English--the determiner the--is not allowed to occur when there is a demonstrative in the NP. In terms of tags, Fijian does not have number tags on either nouns or demonstratives.

  • Example phrase: (eng) this big village → (fij) a ’oro levu yai
  • Current translation to Fijian:#yai levu #’oro
  • Taggers: ^this/this<det><dem><sg>$ ^big/big<adj><sint>$ ^village/village<n><sg>$^./.<sent>$
  • Biltrans: ^this<det><dem><sg>/yai<det><dem><sg>$ ^big<adj><sint>/levu<adj>$ ^village<n><sg>/’oro<n><sg>$^.<sent>/.<sent>$

Step 1: remove number tags and add a<art>

  • Chunker: ^dem<det><dem>{^yai<det><dem>$}$ ^adj<adj><sint>{^levu<adj>$}$ ^nom<n>{^a<art> ^’oro<n>$}$^sent<SENT>{^.<sent>$}$

Step 2: change word orders

  • Interchunk: ^nom<n>{^a<art> ^’oro<n>$}$ ^adj<adj><sint>{^levu<adj>$}$ ^dem<det><dem>{^yai<det><dem>$}$^sent<SENT>{^.<sent>$}$
  • Postchunk: ^a<art>$ ^’oro<n>$ ^levu<adj>$ ^yai<det><dem>$^.<sent>$
  • Translation: a ’oro levu yai

fij → eng