Difference between revisions of "Ladino and English/Contrastive Grammar"

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(Grammatical Gender)
(Reflexive Verb Order)
 
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==Lad-Eng Tests==
 
==Lad-Eng Tests==
 
===Nouns without Determiners===
 
===Nouns without Determiners===
*{{TransferTest|lad|eng|la Espanya|Spain}}
+
*{{transferTest|lad|eng|la Espanya|Spain}}
   {{TransferMorphTest|lad|eng|el{{tag|det}}{{tag|f}} Espanya{{tag|np}}{{tag|loc}}|Spain{{tag|np}}{{tag|loc}}}}
+
   {{transferMorphTest|lad|eng|el{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}}{{tag|f}}{{tag|sg}} Espanya{{tag|np}}{{tag|loc}}|Spain{{tag|np}}{{tag|loc}}}}
*{{TransferTest|lad|eng|la Gresia|Greece}}
+
*{{transferTest|lad|eng|la Gresia|Greece}}
   {{TransferMorphTest|lad|eng|el{{tag|det}}{{tag|f}} Gresia{{tag|np}}{{tag|loc}}|Greece{{tag|np}}{{tag|loc}}}}
+
   {{transferMorphTest|lad|eng|el{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}}{{tag|f}}{{tag|sg}} Gresia{{tag|np}}{{tag|loc}}|Greece{{tag|np}}{{tag|loc}}}}
  
 
===Grammatical Gender===
 
===Grammatical Gender===
*{{TransferTest|lad|eng|la estreyeriya|the stars}}
+
*{{transferTest|lad|eng|la estreyeriya|the stars}}
   {{TransferMorphTest|lad|eng|el{{tag|det}}{{tag|f}} estreyeriya{{tag|n}}{{tag|f}}|the{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}} star{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}}}}
+
   {{transferMorphTest|lad|eng|el{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}}{{tag|f}}{{tag|sg}} estreyeriya{{tag|n}}{{tag|f}}{{tag|sg}}|the{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}} star{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}}}}
*{{TransferTest|lad|eng|la lingua|the language}}
+
*{{transferTest|lad|eng|la lingua|the language}}
   {{TransferMorphTest|lad|eng|el{{tag|det}}{{tag|f}} lingua{{tag|n}}{{tag|f}}|the{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}} language{{tag|n}}}}
+
   {{transferMorphTest|lad|eng|el{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}}{{tag|f}}{{tag|sg}} lingua{{tag|n}}{{tag|f}}{{tag|sg}}|the{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}} language{{tag|n}}{{tag|sg}}}}
  
 
===Reflexive Verb Order===
 
===Reflexive Verb Order===
*{{TransferTest|lad|eng|me mires|look at me}}
+
*{{transferTest|lad|eng|me mires|look at me}}
   {{TransferMorphTest|lad|eng|me{{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p1}}{{tag|sg}}{{tag|pro}} mires{{tag|v}}{{tag|pres}}{{tag|p2}}{{tag|sg}}|look{{tag|vblex}}{{tag|imp}} prpers{{tag|prn}}{{tag|obj}}{{tag|p1}}{{tag|mf}}{{tag|sg}}}}
+
   {{transferMorphTest|lad|eng|me{{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p1}}{{tag|sg}}{{tag|pro}} mirar{{tag|v}}{{tag|prs}}{{tag|p2}}{{tag|sg}}|look{{tag|vblex}}{{tag|imp}} prpers{{tag|prn}}{{tag|obj}}{{tag|p1}}{{tag|mf}}{{tag|sg}}}}
  
*{{TransferTest|lad|eng|te pario|she bore you}}
+
*{{transferTest|lad|eng|te pario|she bore you}}
   {{TransferMorphTest|lad|eng|te{{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p2}}{{tag|sg}}{{tag|pro}} parir{{tag|v}}{{tag|pret}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|sg}}|prpers{{tag|prn}}{{tag|subj}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|f}}{{tag|sg}} bear{{tag|vblex}}{{tag|past}} prpers{{tag|prn}}{{tag|obj}}{{tag|p2}}{{tag|mf}}{{tag|sp}}}}
+
   {{transferMorphTest|lad|eng|te{{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p2}}{{tag|sg}}{{tag|pro}} parir{{tag|v}}{{tag|ifi}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|sg}}|prpers{{tag|prn}}{{tag|subj}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|f}}{{tag|sg}} bear{{tag|vblex}}{{tag|past}} prpers{{tag|prn}}{{tag|obj}}{{tag|p2}}{{tag|mf}}{{tag|sp}}}}
  
*{{TransferTest|lad|eng|te dio|she gave you}}
+
*{{transferTest|lad|eng|te dio|she gave you}}
   {{TransferMorphTest|lad|eng|te{{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p2}}{{tag|sg}}{{tag|pro}} dar{{tag|v}}{{tag|pret}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|sg}}|prpers{{tag|prn}}{{tag|subj}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|f}}{{tag|sg}} give{{tag|vblex}}{{tag|past}} prpers{{tag|prn}}{{tag|obj}}{{tag|p2}}{{tag|mf}}{{tag|sp}}}}
+
   {{transferMorphTest|lad|eng|te{{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p2}}{{tag|sg}}{{tag|pro}} dar{{tag|v}}{{tag|ifi}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|sg}}|prpers{{tag|prn}}{{tag|subj}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|f}}{{tag|sg}} give{{tag|vblex}}{{tag|past}} prpers{{tag|prn}}{{tag|obj}}{{tag|p2}}{{tag|mf}}{{tag|sp}}}}
  
 
===Adjective Order===
 
===Adjective Order===
*{{TransferTest|lad|eng|los djudios sefardim|Sephardi Jews}}
+
*{{transferTest|lad|eng|los djudios sefardim|Sephardi Jews}}
   {{TransferMorphTest|lad|eng|el{{tag|det}}{{tag|m}}{{tag|pl}} djudio{{tag|n}}{{tag|m}}{{tag|pl}} sefardim{{tag|adj}}{{tag|m}}{{tag|pl}}|Sephardi{{tag|adj}}{{tag|pl}} Jews{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}}}}
+
   {{transferMorphTest|lad|eng|el{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}}{{tag|m}}{{tag|pl}} djudio{{tag|n}}{{tag|m}}{{tag|pl}} sefardim{{tag|adj}}{{tag|m}}{{tag|pl}}|Sephardi{{tag|adj}}{{tag|pl}} Jews{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}}}}
*{{TransferTest|lad|eng|la luz santa|the holy light}}
+
*{{transferTest|lad|eng|la luz santa|the holy light}}
   {{TransferMorphTest|lad|eng|el{{tag|det}}{{tag|f}} luz{{tag|n}}{{tag|f}} santa{{tag|adj}}{{tag|f}}|the{{tag|det}} holy{{tag|adj}} light{{tag|n}}}}
+
   {{transferMorphTest|lad|eng|el{{tag|det}}{{tag|def}}{{tag|f}}{{tag|sg}} luz{{tag|n}}{{tag|f}}{{tag|sg}} santa{{tag|adj}}{{tag|f}}{{tag|sg}}|the{{tag|det}} holy{{tag|adj}}{{tag|sg}} light{{tag|n}}{{tag|sg}}}}
  
 
===Conjugation Drops Words===
 
===Conjugation Drops Words===
*{{TransferTest|lad|eng|mirava|he looked}}
+
*{{transferTest|lad|eng|mirava|he looked}}
   {{TransferMorphTest|lad|eng|mirar{{tag|v}}{{tag|pii}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|sg}}|prpers{{tag|prn}}{{tag|subj}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|m}}{{tag|sg}} look{{tag|vblex}}{{tag|past}}}}
+
   {{transferMorphTest|lad|eng|mirar{{tag|v}}{{tag|pii}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|sg}}|prpers{{tag|prn}}{{tag|subj}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|m}}{{tag|sg}} look{{tag|vblex}}{{tag|past}}}}
  
*{{TransferTest|lad|eng|komo limones|I eat lemons}}
+
*{{transferTest|lad|eng|komo limones|I eat lemons}}
   {{TransferMorphTest|lad|eng|komer{{tag|v}}{{tag|pres}}{{tag|p1}}{{tag|sg}} limon{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}}|prpers{{tag|prn}}{{tag|subj}}{{tag|p1}}{{tag|mf}}{{tag|sg}} eat{{tag|vblex}}{{tag|pres}} lemon{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}}}}
+
   {{transferMorphTest|lad|eng|komer{{tag|v}}{{tag|pres}}{{tag|p1}}{{tag|sg}} limon{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}}|prpers{{tag|prn}}{{tag|subj}}{{tag|p1}}{{tag|mf}}{{tag|sg}} eat{{tag|vblex}}{{tag|pres}} lemon{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}}}}
  
  
 
[[Category:Sp21_ContrastiveGrammars]] [[Category:Ladino]] [[Category:English]]
 
[[Category:Sp21_ContrastiveGrammars]] [[Category:Ladino]] [[Category:English]]

Latest revision as of 22:55, 17 May 2021

Lad-Eng Tests

Nouns without Determiners

  • (lad) la Espanya → (eng) Spain
  (lad) el<det><def><f><sg> Espanya<np><loc> → (eng) Spain<np><loc>
  • (lad) la Gresia → (eng) Greece
  (lad) el<det><def><f><sg> Gresia<np><loc> → (eng) Greece<np><loc>

Grammatical Gender

  • (lad) la estreyeriya → (eng) the stars
  (lad) el<det><def><f><sg> estreyeriya<n><f><sg> → (eng) the<det><def> star<n><pl>
  • (lad) la lingua → (eng) the language
  (lad) el<det><def><f><sg> lingua<n><f><sg> → (eng) the<det><def> language<n><sg>

Reflexive Verb Order

  • (lad) me mires → (eng) look at me
  (lad) me<prn><pers><p1><sg><pro> mirar<v><prs><p2><sg> → (eng) look<vblex><imp> prpers<prn><obj><p1><mf><sg>
  • (lad) te pario → (eng) she bore you
  (lad) te<prn><pers><p2><sg><pro> parir<v><ifi><p3><sg> → (eng) prpers<prn><subj><p3><f><sg> bear<vblex><past> prpers<prn><obj><p2><mf><sp>
  • (lad) te dio → (eng) she gave you
  (lad) te<prn><pers><p2><sg><pro> dar<v><ifi><p3><sg> → (eng) prpers<prn><subj><p3><f><sg> give<vblex><past> prpers<prn><obj><p2><mf><sp>

Adjective Order

  • (lad) los djudios sefardim → (eng) Sephardi Jews
  (lad) el<det><def><m><pl> djudio<n><m><pl> sefardim<adj><m><pl> → (eng) Sephardi<adj><pl> Jews<n><pl>
  • (lad) la luz santa → (eng) the holy light
  (lad) el<det><def><f><sg> luz<n><f><sg> santa<adj><f><sg> → (eng) the<det> holy<adj><sg> light<n><sg>

Conjugation Drops Words

  • (lad) mirava → (eng) he looked
  (lad) mirar<v><pii><p3><sg> → (eng) prpers<prn><subj><p3><m><sg> look<vblex><past>
  • (lad) komo limones → (eng) I eat lemons
  (lad) komer<v><pres><p1><sg> limon<n><pl> → (eng) prpers<prn><subj><p1><mf><sg> eat<vblex><pres> lemon<n><pl>