Difference between revisions of "Ladino and English/Lexical selection"

From LING073
Jump to: navigation, search
(Lad → Eng)
(Case 2)
 
(2 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 24: Line 24:
  
 
Rules:
 
Rules:
If en is followed by a number, el anyo", a city or country name, a language name, "un taksi", "el taksi", "un otomobil", or "el otomobil", it means in. If en is followed by "la meza" (or similar words like dining table "la sofra" or night table "el komodine") "un riel", "el otobus", "un otobus", "el avyon", or "un avyon", it means on. If en is followed by a form of transport with no 'el' or 'la', like "nave", "treno", "avyon", "otomobile", etc, it means by. It seems the use of at is archaic or barely used, and
+
If en is followed by a number, el anyo", a city or country name, a language name, "un taksi", "el taksi", "un otomobil", or "el otomobil", it means in. If en is followed by "la meza" (or similar words like dining table "la sofra" or night table "el komodine") "un riel", "el otobus", "un otobus", "el avyon", or "un avyon", it means on. If en is followed by a form of transport with no 'el' or 'la', like "nave", "treno", "avyon", "otomobile", etc, it means by. It seems the use of at is archaic or barely used, and I have only found it in the example listed above.
  
 
===Case 2===
 
===Case 2===
De → from, of
+
De → from, of, by
 +
 
 +
Examples:
 +
*From
 +
**djudios ekspulsados de Espanya - Jews expelled FROM Spain
 +
**es diferente de la lingua - is different FROM the language
 +
**personas de tyerras diversos  - people FROM diverse lands
 +
*Of
 +
**el Nord de Afrika - the North OF Africa
 +
**Nombre de la Lingua - Name OF the language
 +
**es una variante de "Latin" - is a variant OF "Latin"
 +
**una variedad de lashones romanses - a variety OF Romance languages
 +
**luz de Yisrael - light OF Israel
 +
**una mezkla grande de personas - a large mix OF people
 +
*By
 +
**la lingua favlada de los djudios sefardim - the language spoken BY Sephardi Jews
 +
 
 +
Rules:
 +
If de has 'diferente' in front of it or 'tyerra' after it, it's from. If it has 'nombre' or 'variante' in front of it, it's of. If it has 'favlada' in front of it, it's by.
  
position de location - of
 
  
 
[[Category:Ladino]] [[Category:English]] [[Category:Sp21_LexicalSelection]]
 
[[Category:Ladino]] [[Category:English]] [[Category:Sp21_LexicalSelection]]

Latest revision as of 16:47, 15 May 2021

Lad → Eng

Case 1

En → in, on, by, at

Examples:

  • In
    • Istoria de los djudios en Meksiko - History of Jews IN Mexico
    • En 1521 - IN 1521
    • Ay komunidades notables en la sivdad de Méksiko - There are notable communities IN Mexico City
    • un projekto en inglez - a project IN English
    • el muriese en un taksi - he died IN a taxi
    • en el otomobil - in the car
  • On
    • La kuchundúrya uzada en la meza - the beet used ON the table
    • en un riel ekstra - ON an extraordinary rail
    • en el otobus - ON the bus
    • en el avyon - ON the plane
  • By
    • pasando el Bosfor en nave o en otomobil - passing the Strait of Istanbul BY boat or BY car
  • At
    • mirava en el cielo y en la estrellería - He was looking AT heaven and AT the stars
    • mirava en el syelo i en la estreyeriya - He was looking AT heaven and AT the stars


Rules: If en is followed by a number, el anyo", a city or country name, a language name, "un taksi", "el taksi", "un otomobil", or "el otomobil", it means in. If en is followed by "la meza" (or similar words like dining table "la sofra" or night table "el komodine") "un riel", "el otobus", "un otobus", "el avyon", or "un avyon", it means on. If en is followed by a form of transport with no 'el' or 'la', like "nave", "treno", "avyon", "otomobile", etc, it means by. It seems the use of at is archaic or barely used, and I have only found it in the example listed above.

Case 2

De → from, of, by

Examples:

  • From
    • djudios ekspulsados de Espanya - Jews expelled FROM Spain
    • es diferente de la lingua - is different FROM the language
    • personas de tyerras diversos - people FROM diverse lands
  • Of
    • el Nord de Afrika - the North OF Africa
    • Nombre de la Lingua - Name OF the language
    • es una variante de "Latin" - is a variant OF "Latin"
    • una variedad de lashones romanses - a variety OF Romance languages
    • luz de Yisrael - light OF Israel
    • una mezkla grande de personas - a large mix OF people
  • By
    • la lingua favlada de los djudios sefardim - the language spoken BY Sephardi Jews

Rules: If de has 'diferente' in front of it or 'tyerra' after it, it's from. If it has 'nombre' or 'variante' in front of it, it's of. If it has 'favlada' in front of it, it's by.