Difference between revisions of "Miskito/Grammar"

From LING073
Jump to: navigation, search
(Nouns)
Line 16: Line 16:
  
 
* {{morphTest|aras{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}}{{tag|det}}|aras nani ba}}
 
* {{morphTest|aras{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}}{{tag|det}}|aras nani ba}}
 
+
* {{morphTest|ilili{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}}{{tag|det}}|ilili nani ba}}
 +
* {{morphTest|luhpia{{tag|n}}{{tag|pl}}{{tag|det}}|luhpia nani ba}}
  
 
==Verbs in past tense==
 
==Verbs in past tense==

Revision as of 14:46, 4 March 2021


Nouns

Determiners/Articles

In Miskito, the determiner follows the noun rather than precedes it like in English. In Miskito, ba and na are used as articles interchangeably depending on the proximity of the noun. "Na" is used if the noun is closeby. For example,

  • aras<n><det> ↔ aras ba if the horse is distant, or
  • aras<n><det> ↔ aras na if the horse is nearby.

Plurals

The plural marker is "nani". To make a noun plural, "nani" should be used after the noun. For example,

  • aras<n><pl><det> ↔ aras nani ba
  • ilili<n><pl><det> ↔ ilili nani ba
  • luhpia<n><pl><det> ↔ luhpia nani ba

Verbs in past tense