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In Miskito, the determiner follows the noun rather than precedes it like in English. In Miskito, ba and na are used as articles interchangeably depending on the proximity of the noun. "Na" is used if the noun is closeby. For example,

  • aras<n><det> ↔ aras ba if the horse is distant, or
  • aras<n><det> ↔ aras na if the horse is nearby.


The plural marker is "nani". To make a noun plural, "nani" should be used after the noun. For example,

  • aras<n><pl><det> ↔ aras nani ba

Verbs in past tense