Mixe and English/Contrastive Grammar
very different grammatical tags on verbs
|aspect: <icpl>, <cpl>, <irr>||tense: <pres>, <past>, etc.|
|independent vs. dependent predicates; <idt>, <dep>||--|
|person is always marked with a prefix that agrees with the aspect suffix||person sometimes affects present-tense verb inflection|
On predicate types in mto:
- Independent predicates are part of an affirmative clause that has no pre-verbal elements that are associated with dependent clauses. Such elements include adverbs, interrogative pronouns, quantifiers, auxiliary verbs, negation, and others.
In Mixe, the order of subject, object, and agent arguments is relatively free compared to in English.
Most common word orders in Mixe:
- V (with the subject or agent not explicit)
For verbs with two explicit arguments, both SOV and OSV are common. S and O are distinguished by verb morphology, not by argument order.
In English, on the other hand, clauses are often SVO, and argument order distinguishes between types of arguments.