Mixe and English/Contrastive Grammar
1 & 2
very different grammatical tags on verbs
|aspect: <icpl>, <cpl>, <irr>||tense: <pres>, <past>, etc.|
|independent vs. dependent predicates; <idt>, <dep>||--|
On predicate types in mto:
- Independent predicates are part of an affirmative clause that has no pre-verbal elements that are associated with dependent clauses. Such elements include adverbs, interrogative pronouns, quantifiers, auxiliary verbs, negation, and others.
3 & 4
In Mixe, the order of subject, object, and agent arguments is relatively free compared to in English.
Most common word orders in Mixe:
- V (with the subject or agent not explicit)
For verbs with two explicit arguments, both SOV and OSV are common. S and O are distinguished by verb morphology, not by argument order.
In English, on the other hand, clauses are often SVO, and argument order distinguishes between types of arguments.