Tongan

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Developed Resources

Morphological Transducer for Tongan. Information on it can be found on this wiki page and this GitHub repository.

Machine Translation

This wiki page provides documentation for the machine translator between Tongan and Wamesa.

Morphological Transducer

Morphological Transducer for Tongan. Information on it can be found on this wiki page and this GitHub repository.

Universal Dependencies

Tongan/Universal_Dependencies

Grammar Documentation

Documentation of the basic grammar of Tongan can be found on this wiki page.

Keyboard Layout

I have created a keyboard layout for Tongan. Information on it can be found on this wiki page and this GitHub repository.


Initial Corpus Assembly

You can view the initial corpus assembly at this GitHub repository.

Existing Resources

Computational Resources

English/Tongan word/phrase translator + dictionary [1]

  • Description: English/Tongan translator for a wide range of vocabulary - both singular words and phrases.
  • Licences/availability?: Full list of translations is available once you create a username/password to log in and is free to all. [2]

English/Tongan translator + dictionary [3]

  • Description: English/Tongan translator for vocabulary and singular words.
  • Licences/availability?: Translator is free for use. Full dictionary available listed under #Dictionaries

Dictionaries

Tongan/English Dictionary (Online & Windows) [4]

  • Description: Tongan/English Dictionary
  • Licenses/is it obtainable?: Free to download. Copyright notice: "The use of the Freelang dictionary is governed by three principles: free access (and therefore the prohibition against its commercial exploitation), freeware status (freedom of distribution but prohibition against modifying the files) and copyright. The purpose of the present contract is to define the terms of application of these three principles." [5]

Useful Tongan phrases [6]

  • Description: Common, useful phrases in Tongan.
  • Licenses/availability: Free to download. Copyright notice: Free to use for non-commercial use with accreditation. [7]

UniLang Learn Tongan [8]

  • Description: Online beginner course for learning Tongan with featured vocabulary, phrases, and a multitude of grammar lessons.
  • Licenses/availability: Licensed under UniLang Public license which allows for free usage and redistribution as long as it is for non-commercial use and there is appropriate accreditation to the website, authors, translators, etc. [9]

Tongan Dictionary - Churchwood C.

  • Description: Written English-Tongan and Tongan-English dictionary. [10]
  • Licenses/availability: Available through an Inter-Library loan - request was placed.

Grammatical Descriptions

Intensive course in Tongan - Shumway, Eric B.

  • Description: Includes information on language and grammar 'with numerous supplementary materials, grammatical notes, and glossary'.
  • Licenses/availability: Available for use at Bryn Mawr and can be requested.

An account of the natives of the Tonga Islands, in the South Pacific ocean With an original grammar and vocabulary of their language - William Mariner

  • Description: Originally published in 1818, it offers an important early insight into Tongan customs and language, specifically its vocabulary and grammar.
  • Licenses/availability: Available for use in McCabe (within the library only).

UniLang Learn Tongan [11]

  • Description: Online beginner course for learning Tongan with featured vocabulary, phrases, and a multitude of grammar lessons.
  • Licenses/availability: Licensed under UniLang Public license which allows for free usage and redistribution as long as it is for non-commercial use and there is appropriate accreditation to the website, authors, translators, etc. [12]

Scientific Works

Social structure, space and possession in Tongan culture and language: An ethnolinguistic study, Völkel, Svenja.

  • Description: This study investigates the relationship between culture, language and cognition in Tonga. Based on extensive field research, Volkel explores the topic from both an anthropological and linguistic perspective. [13]
  • Licenses/availability: Available as an eBook online through TriPod - ProQuest eBrary.

Semantic and interactional indirectness in Tongan lexical honorification[14]

  • Description: This paper compares semantic indirectness and interactional indirectness in Tongan lexical honorification and relates them to each other.
  • Licenses/availability: Full PDF free to download through ScienceConnect (access through TriPod). Specific Copyright access rights need to be requested/bought. [15]

PRO versus Null SE: Case, Tense, and Empty Categories in Tongan[16]

  • Description: This paper examines the null arguments occurring in adverbial 'o-clauses in Tongan, whose characteristics are distinct from other kinds of empty categories attested in the language.
  • Licenses/availability: Full text available for free on Wiley (through TriPod). Copyright restricted.

Corpora

Tongan Bible [17]

  • Description: Online Bible translated in Tongan.
  • Licenses/availability: Licensed under the public domain.

Tonga - Daly, Martin, 1939

  • Description: This book discussing the history, culture, and language of Tonga.
  • Licenses/availability: Available in McCabe Library.

Tales and poems of Tonga- Collocott, Ernest Edgar Vyvyan, 1886

  • Description: Tales and poems of Tonga written in both Tongan and English
  • Licenses/availability: Available at Bryn Mawr.

Tongan Daily News Website[18]

  • Daily Tongan news website written entirely in Tongan. Free streaming/broadcasting of the news in Tongan as well.
  • No copyright information is listed - so I assume it is safe to use this corpora with proper accreditation.


References
  1. http://www.tongantranslator.com/
  2. Full list English/Tongan translations (must be logged in) http://www.tongantranslator.com/all-english-tongan-terms.aspx
  3. http://www.freelang.net/online/tongan.php
  4. http://www.freelang.net/dictionary/tongan.php
  5. http://www.freelang.net/dictionary/dic-copyrights.php
  6. http://www.omniglot.com/language/phrases/tongan.php
  7. http://www.omniglot.com/faqs.htm#use
  8. http://www.unilang.org/course.php?res=81
  9. http://www.unilang.org/about.php?mode=license&sid=93f1794fe1645baece5b5744c354950e
  10. https://www.amazon.com/Tongan-dictionary-Tongan-English-Maxwell-Churchward/dp/B000HB351I
  11. http://www.unilang.org/course.php?res=81
  12. http://www.unilang.org/about.php?mode=license&sid=93f1794fe1645baece5b5744c354950e
  13. https://books.google.com/books/about/Social_Structure_Space_and_Possession_in.html?id=4XxHNPYW9OAC
  14. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378216609001507
  15. https://s100.copyright.com/AppDispatchServlet?publisherName=ELS&contentID=S0378216609001507&orderBeanReset=true
  16. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.proxy.swarthmore.edu/doi/10.1111/j.1467-9612.2011.00155.x/abstract
  17. https://pacificbibles.org/ton/copyright.htm
  18. http://www.tongadailynews.to/