User:Scasada1/Language selection

From LING073
Jump to: navigation, search

Partner Selection

Partner Selection: "Alina Vykliuk"

I think for this project I would appreciate having a partner with someone who a bit stronger in terms of linguistics. I have a decent foundation in Linguistics, and Linguistic theory, etc. however, I think that the majority of my cultivated skill-set is either niche, or pertaining more-so to computers and data-manipulation. Therefore, I think it would be better for me to have a partner who can supplement my existing skill-set.

Order Of Preference: Language Selection

1. Dungan Language (回族語言)

2. Dolgan Language (Дулҕан)

3. Balochi Language (بلۏچی)

Dungan Language

  • Dungan (/ˈdʊŋɡɑːn/ or /ˈdʌŋɡən/) is a Sinitic language spoken primarily in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan by the Dungan people.
  • Native speakers: 110,000 (2009 censuses)
  • Language family: Sino-Tibetan
  • ISO 639-3: dng

The language is primarily isolating, given that its grammar is closely related to Mandarin Chinese. As a variety of Chinese, Dungan is tonal. Most words in Dugan consist of one or two morphemes

  • Dungan is unique in that it is one of the few varieties of Chinese that is not normally written using Chinese characters.

Available Online Resources on Dungan:

1. Videos, and text resources available featuring extensive[1]

2. A massive data-set containing lexical examples [2]

3. More text and analysis [3]

Dolgan Language

  • The Dolgan [dɔlgæn] language is a Turkic language with around 1,000 speakers, spoken in the Taymyr Peninsula in Russia.[
  • Native speakers: 1,100 (2010 census)
  • Language family: Turkic (Northern Siberian)
  • ISO 639-3: dlg

The language has vowel harmony, agglutinative morphology, subject-object-verb word order, and lacks grammatical gender.

  • The Dolgan language started out having a Latin alphabet in the early 20th century. Over time, the Cyrillic alphabet was implemented instead since it is the same alphabet used by the related language, Yakut.

Available Online Resources on Dungan:

1. Some sample text[4]

2. A massive data-set containing lexical examples [5]

Balochi Language

  • Balochi or Baluchi (بلۏچی) is an Iranian language spoken primarily in the Balochistan region of Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan.
  • Native speakers: 8.8 million (2017–2020 census)
  • Language family: Indo-European (Western Iranian)
  • ISO 639-3: bal

The normal word order is subject–object–verb. Like many other Indo-Iranian languages, Balochi also features split ergativity. The subject is marked as nominative except for the past tense constructions where the subject of a transitive verb is marked as oblique and the verb agrees with the object. Balochi, like many Western Iranian languages, has lost the Old Iranian gender distinctions. There has been a constant move in almost all Iranian languages toward an analytic structure; i.e., the use of prepositions and word order rather than case endings to indicate grammatical relationships.

  • Balochi was not a written language before the 19th century, and the Persian script was used to write Balochi wherever necessary.

Available Online Resources on Balochi:

1. A collection of basic phrases [6]

2. Online Balochi newspaper [7]

3. General language resources [8]