Difference between revisions of "Waray/Grammar"

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===Nouns===
 
===Nouns===
  
* {{morphTest|estudyante{{tag|n}}|estudyante}}  ("Student")
+
* {{morphTest|Estudyante{{tag|n}}|estudyante}}  ("Student")
 
* {{morphTest|Amerikano{{tag|n}}|Amerikano}} ("American")
 
* {{morphTest|Amerikano{{tag|n}}|Amerikano}} ("American")
 
* {{morphTest|Sangkay{{tag|n}}| Friend}} ("Friend")
 
* {{morphTest|Sangkay{{tag|n}}| Friend}} ("Friend")
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===Personal Nouns===
 
===Personal Nouns===
  
* {{morphTest|ako{{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p1}}{{tag|sg}}|ako}}  ("I")
+
* {{morphTest|Ako{{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p1}}{{tag|sg}}|Ako}}  ("I")
* {{morphTest|ikaw{{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p2}}{{tag|sg}}|ikaw}}
+
* {{morphTest|Ikaw{{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p2}}{{tag|sg}}|Ikaw}} ("You")
* {{morphTest|ikaw{{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p2}}{{tag|sg}}|ka}}
+
* {{morphTest|Ikaw{{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p2}}{{tag|sg}}|Ka}} ("You")
* {{morphTest|He/She {{tag|pr}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|sg}}|hiya}}
+
* {{morphTest|Hiya {{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|sg}}|Hiya}} ("He")
* {{morphTest|Our (inc./ex.) {{tag|pr}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p1}}{{tag|pl}}|kita/kami}}
+
* {{morphTest|Hiya {{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|sg}}|Hiya}} ("She")
* {{morphTest|You {{tag|pr}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p2}}{{tag|pl}}|kamo}}
+
* {{morphTest|Kita{{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p1}}{{tag|incl}}{{tag|pl}}|Kita}} ("Our")
* {{morphTest|They {{tag|pr}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|pl}}|hira}}
+
* {{morphTest|Kami{{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p1}}{{tag|excl}}{{tag|pl}}|Kami}} ("Our")
 +
* {{morphTest|Kamo {{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p2}}{{tag|pl}}|Kamo}} ("You")
 +
* {{morphTest|Hira {{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|pl}}|Hira}} ("They")
  
* {{morphTest|Akon {{tag|pr}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p1}}{{tag|sg}}|Ako}}
+
* {{morphTest|Akon {{tag|prn}}{{tag|p1}}{{tag|sg}}|Ako}} ("My/Mine")
* {{morphTest|Imo {{tag|pr}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p2}}{{tag|sg}}|Ha imo}}
+
* {{morphTest|Imo {{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p2}}{{tag|sg}}|Ha imo}} ("Your/Yours")
* {{morphTest|Iya {{tag|pr}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|sg}}|Ha iya}}
+
* {{morphTest|Iya {{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|sg}}|Ha iya}} ("His/His")
* {{morphTest|Aton/amon (inc./ex.) {{tag|pr}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p1}}{{tag|pl}}|Ha aton/amon}}
+
* {{morphTest|Iya {{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|sg}}|Ha iya}} ("Her/Hers")
* {{morphTest|Iyo {{tag|pr}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p2}}{{tag|pl}}|Ha iyo}}
+
* {{morphTest|Aton/amon (inc./ex.) {{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p1}}{{tag|incl}}{{tag|pl}}|Ha aton/amon}} ("Our/Ours")
* {{morphTest|Ira {{tag|pr}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|pl}}|Ha ira}}
+
* {{morphTest|Aton/amon (inc./ex.) {{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p1}}{{tag|excl}}{{tag|pl}}|Ha aton/amon}} ("Our/Ours")
 +
* {{morphTest|Iyo {{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p2}}{{tag|pl}}|Ha iyo}} ("Your/Yours")
 +
* {{morphTest|Ira {{tag|prn}}{{tag|pers}}{{tag|p3}}{{tag|pl}}|Ha ira}} ("Their/Theirs")
  
 
===Verbalizing Nouns===
 
===Verbalizing Nouns===
Line 31: Line 35:
 
====Nag====
 
====Nag====
  
TV<v><tv><pres> →  nag-TV
+
«nag»:
adobo<v><tv><past> → nag-aadobo
+
* {{morphTest|tv{{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|past}}|nag-TV}}
dyaket<v><iv><past> → nagdyaket
+
* {{morphTest|adobo{{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|pres}}|nag-aadobo}}
 +
* {{morphTest|dyaket{{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|fut}}|magdyaket }}
  
 
====Mag====
 
====Mag====
  
computer<v><tv><fut> → mag-computer
+
«mag»:
kape<v><tv><fut> → magkape
+
* {{morphTest|computer{{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|past}}|mag-computer}}
guitar<v><tv><fut> → mag-guitar
+
* {{morphTest|kape{{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|pres}}|magkape}}
 +
* {{morphTest|guitar{{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|fut}}|mag-guitar}}
  
 
====Pag====
 
====Pag====
  
piano<v><tv><imp> → pagpiano
+
«pag»:
bus<v><tv><fut> → pagbus
+
* {{morphTest|piano {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|past}}|pagpiano}}
 +
* {{morphTest|bus {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|pres}}|pagbus}}
  
 
=== Verbs ===
 
=== Verbs ===
Line 50: Line 57:
 
«dara» (''To Bring'') :
 
«dara» (''To Bring'') :
 
* {{morphTest|dara{{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|past}}|nagdara}}
 
* {{morphTest|dara{{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|past}}|nagdara}}
* {{morphTest|–Dara {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|pres}}| nagdadara}}
+
* {{morphTest|dara {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|pres}}|nagdadara}}
* {{morphTest|–Dara {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|fut}}| magdara}}
+
* {{morphTest|dara {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|fut}}|magdara}}
* {{morphTest|–Dara {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|imp}}| pagdara}}
+
* {{morphTest|dara {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|imp}}|pagdara}}
  
«–Bantay» (''To Guard'') :
+
«bantay» (''To Guard'') :
* {{morphTest|–Bantay {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|past}}| nagbantay}}
+
* {{morphTest|bantay {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|past}}|nagbantay}}
* {{morphTest|–Bantay {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|pres}}| nagbabantay}}
+
* {{morphTest|bantay {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|pres}}|nagbabantay}}
* {{morphTest|–Bantay {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|fut}}| magbantay}}
+
* {{morphTest|bantay {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|fut}}|magbantay}}
* {{morphTest|–Bantay {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|imp}}| pagbantay}}
+
* {{morphTest|bantay {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|imp}}|pagbantay}}
  
«–Trabaho» (''To Work'') :
+
«trabaho» (''To Work'') :
* {{morphTest|–Trabaho {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|past}}| nagtrabaho}}
+
* {{morphTest|trabaho {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|past}}|nagtrabaho}}
* {{morphTest|–Trabaho {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|pres}}| nagtratrabaho}}
+
* {{morphTest|trabaho {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|pres}}|nagtratrabaho}}
* {{morphTest|–Trabaho {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|fut}}| magtrabaho}}
+
* {{morphTest|trabaho {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|fut}}|magtrabaho}}
* {{morphTest|–Trabaho {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|imp}}| pagtrabaho}}
+
* {{morphTest|trabaho {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|imp}}|pagtrabaho}}
  
«–Mando» (''To Command'') :
+
«mando» (''To Command'') :
* {{morphTest|–Mando {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|past}}| nagmando}}
+
* {{morphTest|–Mando {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|past}}|nagmando}}
* {{morphTest|–Mando {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|pres}}| nagmamando}}
+
* {{morphTest|–Mando {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|pres}}|nagmamando}}
* {{morphTest|–Mando {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|fut}}| magmando}}
+
* {{morphTest|–Mando {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|fut}}|magmando}}
* {{morphTest|–Mando {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|imp}}| pagmando}}
+
* {{morphTest|–Mando {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|imp}}|pagmando}}
  
«–Aram» (”To Learn”) :
+
«aram» (”To Learn”) :
* {{morphTest|–Aram {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|past}}| nag-aram}}
+
* {{morphTest|aram {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|past}}|nag-aram}}
* {{morphTest|–Aram {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|pres}}| nag-aaram}}
+
* {{morphTest|aram {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|pres}}|nag-aaram}}
* {{morphTest|–Aram {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|fut}}| mag-aram}}
+
* {{morphTest|aram {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|fut}}|mag-aram}}
* {{morphTest|–Aram {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|imp}}| pag-aram}}
+
* {{morphTest|aram {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|imp}}|pag-aram}}
 
 
«Nag–»:
 
* {{morphTest|–Aram {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|past}}| nag-TV}}
 
* {{morphTest|–Aram {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|pres}}| nag-aadobo}}
 
* {{morphTest|–Aram {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|fut}}| magdyaket }}
 
 
 
«Mag–»:
 
* {{morphTest|–Aram {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|past}}| mag-computer}}
 
* {{morphTest|–Aram {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|pres}}| magkape}}
 
* {{morphTest|–Aram {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|fut}}| mag-guitar}}
 
 
 
«Pag–»:
 
* {{morphTest|piano {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|past}}| pagpiano}}
 
* {{morphTest|bus {{tag|v}}{{tag|tv}}{{tag|pres}}| pagbus}}
 
  
 
===Possessions===
 
===Possessions===
* {{morphTest|ni {{tag|pr}}{{tag|sg}}|}}
+
* {{morphTest|ni{{tag|prn}}{{tag|sg}}|ni}} ("of")
* {{morphTest|nira {{tag|pr}}{{tag|pl}}|}}
+
* {{morphTest|nira{{tag|prn}}{{tag|pl}}|nira}} ("of")
* {{morphTest|han/hin {{tag|pr}}{{tag|sg}}|}}
+
* {{morphTest|han/hin{{tag|prn}}{{tag|sg}}|han/hin}} ("of")
* {{morphTest|han mga {{tag|pr}}{{tag|pl}}|}}
+
* {{morphTest|han mga{{tag|prn}}{{tag|pl}}|han mag}} ("of")
  
 
===Demonstrative Pronouns===
 
===Demonstrative Pronouns===
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===Question Markers===
 
===Question Markers===
* {{morphTest| ka {{tag|pr}}|}}
+
* {{morphTest|ka{{tag|pr}}|ka}}
* {{morphTest| ba {{tag|part}}|}}
+
* {{morphTest|ba{{tag|part}}|ba}}
  
 
===Negatives===
 
===Negatives===
* {{morphTest| waray {{tag|adv}}{{tag|past}}{{tag|pres}}|Not or No}}
+
* {{morphTest|waray{{tag|adv}}{{tag|past}}{{tag|pres}}|waray}} ("Not or No")
* {{morphTest| diri {{tag|adv}}{{tag|fut}}| Not or No}}
+
* {{morphTest|diri{{tag|adv}}{{tag|fut}}|diri}} ("Not or No")
  
 
===Beneficiary===
 
===Beneficiary===
* {{morphTest|kan {{tag|prep}}{{tag|sg}}|}}
+
* {{morphTest|kan{{tag|prep}}{{tag|sg}}|kan}}
* {{morphTest|ha {{tag|prep}}{{tag|sg}}|}}
+
* {{morphTest|ha{{tag|prep}}{{tag|sg}}|ha}}
* {{morphTest|kan _ ngan kan _{{tag|prep}}{{tag|pl}}|}}
+
* {{morphTest|kan...ngan kan...{{tag|prep}}{{tag|pl}}|kan...ngan kan..}}
* {{morphTest|han mga {{tag|prep}}{{tag|pl}}|}}
+
* {{morphTest|han mga{{tag|prep}}{{tag|pl}}|han mga}}
* {{morphTest| para {{tag|prep}}|}}
+
* {{morphTest|para{{tag|prep}}|}} ("for")
  
* {{morphTest|ngan {{tag|det}}{{tag|pl}}|}}
+
* {{morphTest|ngan {{tag|det}}{{tag|pl}}|ngan}}
 
* {{morphTest|mga{{tag|det}}{{tag|pl}}|mga}}
 
* {{morphTest|mga{{tag|det}}{{tag|pl}}|mga}}
  
 
===Actions Completed/In Progress===
 
===Actions Completed/In Progress===
* {{morphTest| na/pa {{tag|vaux}}{{tag|past}}{{tag|pres}}|Not now or already}}
+
* {{morphTest| na/pa {{tag|vaux}}{{tag|past}}{{tag|pres}}|na/pa}} ("Not now or already")
* {{morphTest| ka {{tag|pr}}{{tag|fut}}| Not yet}}
+
* {{morphTest| ka {{tag|pr}}{{tag|fut}}|ka}} ("Not yet")
  
 
We got this information from the source "Waray: A Major Language in the Philippines."
 
We got this information from the source "Waray: A Major Language in the Philippines."

Revision as of 14:49, 14 March 2021

Parts of Speech

Nouns

  • Estudyante<n> ↔ estudyante ("Student")
  • Amerikano<n> ↔ Amerikano ("American")
  • Sangkay<n> ↔ Friend ("Friend")
  • Lalake<n> ↔ lalake ("Man")
  • Babaye<n> ↔ babaye ("Woman")
  • Mga<det><pl> ↔ mga

Personal Nouns

  • Ako<prn><pers><p1><sg> ↔ Ako ("I")
  • Ikaw<prn><pers><p2><sg> ↔ Ikaw ("You")
  • Ikaw<prn><pers><p2><sg> ↔ Ka ("You")
  • Hiya <prn><pers><p3><sg> ↔ Hiya ("He")
  • Hiya <prn><pers><p3><sg> ↔ Hiya ("She")
  • Kita<prn><pers><p1><incl><pl> ↔ Kita ("Our")
  • Kami<prn><pers><p1><excl><pl> ↔ Kami ("Our")
  • Kamo <prn><pers><p2><pl> ↔ Kamo ("You")
  • Hira <prn><pers><p3><pl> ↔ Hira ("They")
  • Akon <prn><p1><sg> ↔ Ako ("My/Mine")
  • Imo <prn><pers><p2><sg> ↔ Ha imo ("Your/Yours")
  • Iya <prn><pers><p3><sg> ↔ Ha iya ("His/His")
  • Iya <prn><pers><p3><sg> ↔ Ha iya ("Her/Hers")
  • Aton/amon (inc./ex.) <prn><pers><p1><incl><pl> ↔ Ha aton/amon ("Our/Ours")
  • Aton/amon (inc./ex.) <prn><pers><p1><excl><pl> ↔ Ha aton/amon ("Our/Ours")
  • Iyo <prn><pers><p2><pl> ↔ Ha iyo ("Your/Yours")
  • Ira <prn><pers><p3><pl> ↔ Ha ira ("Their/Theirs")

Verbalizing Nouns

Nag

«nag»:

  • tv<v><tv><past> ↔ nag-TV
  • adobo<v><tv><pres> ↔ nag-aadobo
  • dyaket<v><tv><fut> ↔ magdyaket

Mag

«mag»:

  • computer<v><tv><past> ↔ mag-computer
  • kape<v><tv><pres> ↔ magkape
  • guitar<v><tv><fut> ↔ mag-guitar

Pag

«pag»:

  • piano <v><tv><past> ↔ pagpiano
  • bus <v><tv><pres> ↔ pagbus

Verbs

«dara» (To Bring) :

  • dara<v><tv><past> ↔ nagdara
  • dara <v><tv><pres> ↔ nagdadara
  • dara <v><tv><fut> ↔ magdara
  • dara <v><tv><imp> ↔ pagdara

«bantay» (To Guard) :

  • bantay <v><tv><past> ↔ nagbantay
  • bantay <v><tv><pres> ↔ nagbabantay
  • bantay <v><tv><fut> ↔ magbantay
  • bantay <v><tv><imp> ↔ pagbantay

«trabaho» (To Work) :

  • trabaho <v><tv><past> ↔ nagtrabaho
  • trabaho <v><tv><pres> ↔ nagtratrabaho
  • trabaho <v><tv><fut> ↔ magtrabaho
  • trabaho <v><tv><imp> ↔ pagtrabaho

«mando» (To Command) :

  • –Mando <v><tv><past> ↔ nagmando
  • –Mando <v><tv><pres> ↔ nagmamando
  • –Mando <v><tv><fut> ↔ magmando
  • –Mando <v><tv><imp> ↔ pagmando

«aram» (”To Learn”) :

  • aram <v><tv><past> ↔ nag-aram
  • aram <v><tv><pres> ↔ nag-aaram
  • aram <v><tv><fut> ↔ mag-aram
  • aram <v><tv><imp> ↔ pag-aram

Possessions

  • ni<prn><sg> ↔ ni ("of")
  • nira<prn><pl> ↔ nira ("of")
  • han/hin<prn><sg> ↔ han/hin ("of")
  • han mga<prn><pl> ↔ han mag ("of")

Demonstrative Pronouns

Demonstrative (The Objects as Topics)
demonstrative meaning
ini this
iton that
adto that over there
Demonstrative (W/Direct Objects)
demonstrative meaning
hini this
hiton that
hadto that over there
Demonstrative (Location)
demonstrative meaning
dinhi this
dida that
didto that over there

Question Markers

  • ka<pr> ↔ ka
  • ba<part> ↔ ba

Negatives

  • waray<adv><past><pres> ↔ waray ("Not or No")
  • diri<adv><fut> ↔ diri ("Not or No")

Beneficiary

  • kan<prep><sg> ↔ kan
  • ha<prep><sg> ↔ ha
  • kan...ngan kan...<prep><pl> ↔ kan...ngan kan..
  • han mga<prep><pl> ↔ han mga
  • para<prep> ↔ ("for")
  • ngan <det><pl> ↔ ngan
  • mga<det><pl> ↔ mga

Actions Completed/In Progress

  • na/pa <vaux><past><pres> ↔ na/pa ("Not now or already")
  • ka <pr><fut> ↔ ka ("Not yet")

We got this information from the source "Waray: A Major Language in the Philippines."