Waray/Grammar

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Parts of Speech

Nouns

  • Estudyante<n> ↔ estudyante ("Student")
  • Amerikano<n> ↔ Amerikano ("American")
  • Sangkay<n> ↔ Friend ("Friend")
  • Lalake<n> ↔ lalake ("Man")
  • Babaye<n> ↔ babaye ("Woman")
  • Mga<det><pl> ↔ mga

Personal Nouns

  • Ako<prn><pers><p1><sg> ↔ Ako ("I")
  • Ikaw<prn><pers><p2><sg> ↔ Ikaw ("You")
  • Ikaw<prn><pers><p2><sg> ↔ Ka ("You")
  • Hiya <prn><pers><p3><sg> ↔ Hiya ("He")
  • Hiya <prn><pers><p3><sg> ↔ Hiya ("She")
  • Kita<prn><pers><p1><incl><pl> ↔ Kita ("Our")
  • Kami<prn><pers><p1><excl><pl> ↔ Kami ("Our")
  • Kamo <prn><pers><p2><pl> ↔ Kamo ("You")
  • Hira <prn><pers><p3><pl> ↔ Hira ("They")
  • Akon<prn><p1><sg> ↔ Ako ("My/Mine")
  • Imo<prn><pers><p2><sg> ↔ Ha imo ("Your/Yours")
  • Iya<prn><pers><p3><sg> ↔ Ha iya ("His/His")
  • Iya<prn><pers><p3><sg> ↔ Ha iya ("Her/Hers")
  • Aton<prn><pers><p1><incl><pl> ↔ Ha aton ("Our/Ours")
  • Amon<prn><pers><p1><excl><pl> ↔ Ha amon ("Our/Ours")
  • Iyo<prn><pers><p2><pl> ↔ Ha iyo ("Your/Yours")
  • Ira<prn><pers><p3><pl> ↔ Ha ira ("Their/Theirs")

Verbalizing Nouns

Nag

«nag»:

  • tv<v><tv><past> ↔ nag-TV
  • adobo<v><tv><pres> ↔ nag-aadobo
  • dyaket<v><tv><fut> ↔ magdyaket

Mag

«mag»:

  • computer<v><tv><past> ↔ mag-computer
  • kape<v><tv><pres> ↔ magkape
  • guitar<v><tv><fut> ↔ mag-guitar

Pag

«pag»:

  • piano <v><tv><past> ↔ pagpiano
  • bus <v><tv><pres> ↔ pagbus

Verbs

«dara» (To Bring) :

  • dara<v><tv><past> ↔ nagdara
  • dara <v><tv><pres> ↔ nagdadara
  • dara <v><tv><fut> ↔ magdara
  • dara <v><tv><imp> ↔ pagdara

«bantay» (To Guard) :

  • bantay <v><tv><past> ↔ nagbantay
  • bantay <v><tv><pres> ↔ nagbabantay
  • bantay <v><tv><fut> ↔ magbantay
  • bantay <v><tv><imp> ↔ pagbantay

«trabaho» (To Work) :

  • trabaho <v><tv><past> ↔ nagtrabaho
  • trabaho <v><tv><pres> ↔ nagtratrabaho
  • trabaho <v><tv><fut> ↔ magtrabaho
  • trabaho <v><tv><imp> ↔ pagtrabaho

«mando» (To Command) :

  • –Mando <v><tv><past> ↔ nagmando
  • –Mando <v><tv><pres> ↔ nagmamando
  • –Mando <v><tv><fut> ↔ magmando
  • –Mando <v><tv><imp> ↔ pagmando

«aram» (”To Learn”) :

  • aram <v><tv><past> ↔ nag-aram
  • aram <v><tv><pres> ↔ nag-aaram
  • aram <v><tv><fut> ↔ mag-aram
  • aram <v><tv><imp> ↔ pag-aram

Possessions

  • ni<prn><sg> ↔ ni ("of")
  • nira<prn><pl> ↔ nira ("of")
  • han/hin<prn><sg> ↔ han/hin ("of")
  • han mga<prn><pl> ↔ han mag ("of")

Demonstrative Pronouns

Demonstrative (The Objects as Topics)
demonstrative meaning
ini this
iton that
adto that over there
Demonstrative (W/Direct Objects)
demonstrative meaning
hini this
hiton that
hadto that over there
Demonstrative (Location)
demonstrative meaning
dinhi this
dida that
didto that over there

Question Markers

  • ka<pr> ↔ ka
  • ba<part> ↔ ba

Negatives

  • waray<adv><past><pres> ↔ waray ("Not or No")
  • diri<adv><fut> ↔ diri ("Not or No")

Beneficiary

  • kan<prep><sg> ↔ kan
  • ha<prep><sg> ↔ ha
  • kan...ngan kan...<prep><pl> ↔ kan...ngan kan..
  • han mga<prep><pl> ↔ han mga
  • para<prep> ↔ ("for")
  • ngan <det><pl> ↔ ngan
  • mga<det><pl> ↔ mga

Actions Completed/In Progress

  • na/pa <vaux><past><pres> ↔ na/pa ("Not now or already")
  • ka <pr><fut> ↔ ka ("Not yet")

We got this information from the source "Waray: A Major Language in the Philippines."