Dhivehi and English/Lexical selection

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Div -> Eng

ބޮކި

1. "bubble"

  • usually comes before ރަބަރު (rabaru - "rubber") or after ސައިބޯނި (saiboani - soap)
Example Sentence: ނިހާނު ސައިބޯނި ބޮކި ވާހަކަ ނުދައްކާ. [1]
Translation: Nihanu soap bubble story is not showing. ("soap bubble" takes a metaphorical meaning)
^ނިހާނު/ނިހާނު<np>$ ^ސައިބޯނި/ސައިބޯނި<n><nhum><sg><def><dir>$ ^ބޮކި/ބޮކި<n><nhum><sg><def><dir>$ ^ވާހަކަ/ވާހަކަ<n><nhum><sg><def><dir>$ ^ނުދައްކާ/ނު<neg>+ދައްކަ<v><tv><act><pres><p3>/ނު<neg>+ދައްކާ<v><iv><caus><pres><p3>$^./.<sent>$


2. "lightbulb"

  • usually comes after ލެދް (led - "LED") or before ދަނޑި (dandhi - "pole")
Example Sentence: 263 ބޮކި ދަނޑި އަދިވެސް ނުޖަހައި އެބައޮތް! [2]
Translation: There are still 263 light bulb poles not lighted!
263 ^ބޮކި/ބޮކި<n><nhum><sg><def><dir>$ ^ދަނޑި/ދަނޑި<n><nhum><sg><def><dir>$ ^އަދިވެސް/އަދިވެސް<adv>$ ^ނުޖަހައި/ނު<neg>+ޖަހައި<v><tv><act><past><p3>$ ^އެބައޮތް/އެބަ<cont>+އޮތް<v><iv><act><past><p3>$^!/!<sent>$

ގަޑި

1. "hour"

  • usually comes after the number "24" specifically
Example Sentence: އެކަމަކު 24 ގަޑި އިރު ނުވަނީސް އެމީހުން ވަނީ ދުކޮށްލާފައެވެ.[3]
Translation: But they were released within 24 hours.
^އެކަމަކު/އެކަމަކު<cnjcoo>$ 24 ^ގަޑި/ގަޑި<n><nhum><sg><def><dir>$ ^އިރު/އިރު<n><nhum><sg><def><dir>$ ^ނުވަނީސް/ނުވަނީސް<adv>$ ^އެމީހުން/އެމީހުން<prn><pers><p3><pl><dst><dir>$ ^ވަނީ/ވަނީ<v><tv><act><pres><p3>$ ^ދުކޮށްލާފައެވެ/ދުކޮށްލާ<v><tv><act><pres><pprs>+ފަ<succ>+އެވެ<mod>$^../..<sent>$

2. "clock"

  • usually comes after words like "wrist" - combine to mean "wrist watch"
Example Sentence: ރާއްޖޭގެ ރީތިކަން ދައްކުވައިދޭ ގޮތަށް އަތުކުރީ ގަޑިއެއް އުފައްދައިފި.[4]
Translation: Beauty of the country indicates the way a wrist watch is produced.
^ރާއްޖޭގެ/ރާއްޖެ<n><nhum><sg><def><gen>$ ^ރީތިކަން/ރީތިކަން<n><nhum><sg><def><dir>$ ^ދައްކުވައިދޭ/ދައްކުވައިދޭ<v><tv><act><pres><p3>$ ^ގޮތަށް/ގޮތް<n><nhum><sg><def><dat>$ ^އަތުކުރީ/އަތުކުރީ<n><nhum><sg><def><dir>$ ^ގަޑިއެއް/ގަޑި<n><nhum><sg><ind><dir>$ ^އުފައްދައިފި/އުފައްދައިފި<v><tv><act><perf><p3>$^../..<sent>$

References

  1. https://twitter.com/beckxis/status/945748421645709312
  2. https://www.addulive.com/18252
  3. http://54.226.8.157/61763
  4. http://www.vnews.mv/91783