User:Rlin1/Language selection

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Preferred Partner

I have some background in both coding and linguistics, so I do not have too strong of a preference, partner-wise. If anyone has a background in phonology, that would be helpful!

Languages

Hokkien

ISO 639-3, nan; Southern Min (Sino-Tibetan); glottolog id

  • Less than 50 million native speakers (as of 2018)
    • Used in Southern Fujian Province and other south-eastern coastal areas
    • Official language in Taiwan; spoken by the Hoklo population
  • Hokkien (a dialect of Mandarin Chinese that has around 30 sub-dialects) is an analytic language
    • Basic sentence structures follow a subject-verb-object pattern, but since Hokkien is a topic-prominent language, it often violates the basic structure in favor of topic-comment structure
    • Concepts of time, gender, and plural are expressed with grammatical particles or adverbs, rather than inflection. Verbs also do not indicate tense
  • Tonal: can have somewhere between 5-8 phonemic tones (7-9 including entering tones), depending on the dialect of Hokkien
  • Some Hokkien dialects are mutually intelligible but not all
  • Typically written using (traditional) Chinese characters that retain the literary form of classical Chinese. However, Hokkien dialects have large inventories of characters that are unique to Hokkien (a fair percentage of Hokkien morphemes lack the equivalent in standard written Chinese).
    • Hokkien does not have a standardized character set across all of its dialects (exception of Taiwanese Hokkien, which formulated a standard character set only recently).
    • Can be phonetically written in Latin script (POJ) and bopomofo
  • Texts may be hard to come by online, but there are scans of texts in Hokkien (ie. Tale of the Lychee Mirror)
Tibetan

ISO 639-1, bo; ISO 639-2, tib, bod; ISO 639-3, bod; Central Tibetan (Sino-Tibetan); glottolog id

  • 1.2 million native speakers (as of 1990)
    • Used in Tibet Autonomous Region and Kham
    • Official language in China (Tibet) and Nepal
  • Tibetan is an ergative language
    • Head-final word ordered grammatical constituents
  • Pitch-accent: all syllables in a word can carry their own tone
  • Written with an Indic script or Wylie transliteration
  • Sources written in Tibetan can likely be found (ie. Chinese News websites)
Lepcha

ISO 693-3, lep; Himalayish (Sino-Tibetan); glottolog id

  • 66,500 native speakers (as of 2011-2013)
    • Used in India, parts of Nepal, and Bhutan
    • Official language in India (Sikkim)
  • Lepcha is an ergative language that tends to follow subject-object-verb order
  • Non-tonal; agglutinative morphology (vocabulary consists of monosyllabic elements)
  • Written in Lepcha script, a syllabic script
  • There should be a fair number of manuscripts written in Lepcha,,,